The transformer that provides electricity to the AMS building in Providence went down on Sunday, April 22. The restoration of our email, website, AMS Bookstore and other systems is almost complete. We are currently running on a generator but overnight a new transformer should be hooked up and (fingers crossed) we should be fine by 8:00 (EDT) Wednesday morning. This issue has affected selected phones, which should be repaired by the end of today. No email was lost, although the accumulated messages are only just now being delivered so you should expect some delay.
Thanks for your patience.
MINUTES OF THE COUNCIL MEETING DATED JANUARY 2l, 1976 The Council met on January 2l, 1976 at 2:00 PM in the LaVista Room of the Hilton Palacio del Rio in San Antonio. Members present were H. Bass, P. Bateman, L. Bers, R.H. Bing, P. Church, C. Curtis, C. Davis, S. Eilenberg, R. Fossum, W. Gautschi, R. Goldberg, M. Gary, J. Green, P. Griffiths, O. Harrold, A. Householder, H. Keller, R. Kirby, L. Lorch, R. Miller, J. Milnor, K. Norton, B. Osofsky, F. Peterson, E. Pitcher, M. Protter, H. Rossi, L. Rubel, r. Seeley, S. Shatz, B. Simon, I. Singer, O. Taussky, D. Waterman, H. Weinberger, G. Weiss, J. E. Wilkins, Jr. Also present were L. Durst, R. Hahn, K. McConaghy, G. L. Walker. The privilege of the floor was given at various times to E. Dubinsky, M. Gerstenhaber, W. LeVeque, A. Mattuck, P. Mostert. President Bers was in the chair. From 4:30 PM to 6:30 PM and from l0:00 PM until adjournment, the Council was in executive session. The Secretary was not in attendance at those times. Associate Secretary Orville Harrold served as Acting Secretary, having been so designated by the Secretary according to Article IV, Section 3, of the bylaws. The minutes of the meeting of August l7, 1975 previously circulated by mail, were approved. The Trustees had asked the Council to relax the prohibition of advertising interspersed with the text of the NOTICES to the point of allowing advertisements of Society publications to be placed in advantageous positions. The Council acceded. Professor Samuel Eilenberg, Chairman of the Editorial Committee for the Colloquium Publications raised two questions with respect to the lectures. First, how many should there be and second, how should they be scheduled? Up until l927 there were two or three lecturers, but not in every year. From l928 to 1953 there was one lecturer per year (two years were skipped, followed in each case by two lecturers the next year). From then until l967, there was one lecturer in each of three years, the fourth being skipped for the International Congress. From 1968 on there have been two lecturers (excepting one in winter of l970 and l974) and in l973 and l975 there were three. The current pattern, which the Committee questioned, is one lecturer in January and two in August except in years of a Congress. Since about l930 the lectures have been sets of four one-hour lectures. Many, but not all lecturers present a survey of general interest in a first lecture aimed at a large audience and speak to specialists in the rest of the series. However, there are those who prefer a single linearly ordered discourse. When it was decided by the Council, following the recommendation of the Colloquium Comm., to have two lecturers at the same summer meeting, it was the stated plan that the lecturers would be so chosen that their specialties would have an empty intersection of natural audiences. Thus it would be possible to schedule lectures number one at separate times but numbers two or four simultaneously without conflict. This has not appeared to be totally satisfactory (there even being one case where the lecturers wished to hear each other). It has sometimes been possible to schedule all four lectures, or at least more than one, of the two series at different times. On a motion by Prof. Eilenberg, the Council agreed that there should be one Colloquium Lecturer per Summer or Annual Meeting. On a second motion by Prof. Eilenberg, the Council agreed that there should be no conflict on the program with any of the lecturers in a set of Colloquium Lectures. It was noted, though not embodied in the motion, that the Associate Secretary may assign times to the Colloquium Lectures that he deems appropriate and that the Committee should impress on the speaker the educational aspect of the lectures for generally well informed mathematicians who are not specialists in the speaker's field. The Council elected Orville Harrold to another term as representative of the Society in Section A of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The Council elected Seth Warner and Stephen Orey to continue to represent the Society on the Editorial Board of the Duke Journal. The Advisory Committee on the Editorial Policy of the NOTICES reported that it was divided on the question of publishing the attached article by Mrs. Hoan Xuan Sinh titled THE TROUBLES OF A WOMAN MATHEMATICIAN. The vote in the Committee at one point was 3 in favor and 4 opposed. The Committee opposes the principle of basing decisions on such a division without extending the discussion and was unable to have a meeting of the entire committee. The Council passed a motion not to publish the article in the NOTICES. Prof. Hans Weinberger, Chairman of the Comm. on Steele Prizes, proposed the following motion: The President is instructed to appoint an ad hoc committee to examine the possibility of changing the Steele Prize into a prize for outstanding mathematical research, to produce a detailed proposal for such a prize, and to determine the relationship of this prize to the other prizes awarded by the Society. There are two attached documents. One is the "Halmos Plan", a detailed presentation of the proposal already approved by the Committee and describing the sort of prize that the ad hoc committee is asked to consider. The other is the pertinent section of the Steele will. By agreement, the motion was replaced by a substitute: The President is requested to appoint an ad hoc committee to consider the future of the Steele Prize. The substituted motion was passed. The Joint Committee on the Employment of Mathematicians in Two Year Colleges presented the attached report. It includes two recommendations (see p. 6) for possible endorsement by this Council. The same report was to go to the Board of Governors of the MAA for their consideration. The Comm. also asked permission to circulate their report. The Council approved the report and approved its publication in the NOTICES, understanding that the report might have substantial editorial modification at the point of consideration by the Board of Governors and realizing that it would probably also be published in a journal of the Association. Prof. Charles W. Curtis, Chairman of the Comm. on the Emergency Employment Situation in Math. offered the attached report of the Committee. Item 6 of the report is a recommendation of the following motion: The Society should urge research oriented departments to offer unemployed mathematicians, and mathematicians in jobs with no research facilities, opportunities to remain associated with the research community. This can be done by offering such mathematicians nominal, unpaid research appointments which would provide office space (when feasible) and access to the library as well as an opportunity to participate in seminars and, in general, interact with members of the department. An amendment to remove the word "nominal" from the text was defeated. Then the Council approved the recommendation. The President agreed to write an appropriate letter to research minded universities and to offer it to the NOTICES. The Bulletin Editorial Comm. asked permission to appoint up to five Associate Editors for the purpose of communicating research announcements in fields which are unrepresented or under-represented among the present comunicators. The Secretary observed that the Committee has the power to appoint Associate Editors without further permission of the Council. However, the Council has taken continued interest in the manner of handling research announcements, so that this is the issue that is brought to the Council. He then moved that the question be postponed until after the May l976 meeting of the Trustees, at which time an ad hoc committee would report on certain aspects of the publication of the BULLETIN and the NOTICES. The President pointed out that the proposal of the Editorial Comm. would temporarily relieve the pressure of limits on publication of research announcements but that the ad hoc comm. was rethinking the rationale of the BULLETIN and the NOTICES. The motion to postpone consideration of the question was defeated. Then a motion to approve the request of the Editorial Comm. was defeated. The Council reaffirmed its wish to be affiliated with Section A of the AAAS. The Council approved sponsorship of the joint AMS-MAA Comm. on Women in Mathematics by the SIAM at the request of the latter. The Secretary was requested to congratulate the National Bureau of Standards and to write the Bureau a letter of appreciation in the name of the Council on the occasion of their 75th anniversary. Dr. Karl K. Norton offered a set of seven motions concerning the work of the Committee on Academic Freedom, Tenure & Employment Security. They are the following: 1. MOTION: The Council recommends to the Comm. on Academic Freedom, Tenure & Employment Security that complaints of the following types by mathematicians be investigated by CAFTES: (a) An allegation that an unprofessional criterion (other than financial exigency) was used in making a decision on the complainant's professional status. (CAFTES is to determine whether the criterion is unprofessional.) (b) A complaint that a university administration rejected a recommendation by the mathematics department concerning appointment, reappointment, promotion, or tenure, unless the rejection is based on clearly formulated and compelling reasons to which neither the department nor CAFTES takes exception. (c) An allegation that false or distorted information was used in making a decision on the complainant's professional status. (d) An allegation that the complainant's academic freedom was violated. (e) An allegation that the complainant was denied due process within his institution. (f) An allegation that the complainant's tenure or contract was violated. (g) Any other complaint which, in the judgment of CAFTES, deserves investigation. 2. MOTION: The Council recommends that any investigation by CAFTES include a letter of inquiry about the facts to each member of a list of persons supplied by the complainant. This list may, at the discretion of CAFTES, be limited to five persons. 3. MOTION: The council recommends that CAFTES give priority to cases involving denial of reappointment or tenure. 4. MOTION: The Council recommends that in asking a complainant to furnish evidence supporting his complaint, CAFTES give due consideration to his degree of access to such evidence. 5. MOTION: The Council recommends that in setting priorities for investigation and intervention, CAFTES give considerable weight to complainants achievements in research. 6. MOTION: The Council recommends to the President that CAFTES consist of at least 6 persons. 7. MOTION: The Council respectfully requests that the Committee on Dismissed Mathematicians submit a report on its activities from the time of its inception. This report should be presented in time for discussion at the Council meeting in the Spring of l976. He further offered a four page comment, attached, on his motions. The charge by the Council to CAFTES was very brief and at the time of authorization of the Comm. the Secretary was requested to amplify it. The letter in which that was done is attached. The Council, with subsequent amendment and approval by the Trustees with consent of the Council, specified in detail the relation between CAFTES and the Legal Aid Comm. That statement is attached also. Following some general discussion, there seemed to be agreement that motions l through 6 should be considered by a committee prior to consideration by the Council. A motion was passed requesting the President to appoint an ad hoc committee to write rules of operation for the Comm. on Academic Freedom Tenure, and Employment Security. In so doing, it was understood that the proposed rules would be brought to the Council for approval. It was agreed that one or more individuals opposed to the expansion of the charge of CAFTES should be appointed to the ad hoc committee. It was agreed to request the Committee on Dismissed Math. to report on its activities. [The Secretary notes that the Committee, with only a slight change in name, was established in l954, so that a report on "activities from the time of its inception" may be difficult. E.P.] The possibility of a report for the Council meeting of April l976 was suggested. The Council passed a motion that an individual should not accept more than one invitation to speak at a special sessions at a single meeting of the Society. It was suggested, but not incorporated in the formal motion, that exceptions be referred to the Secretary. The Council recommended to the Business Meeting of January 23, 1976 that they consider the following resolution: This Business Meeting of the American Mathematical Society, concerned by reports that the esteemed mathematician Jose Luis Massera is in prison and has been held for a considerable period without trial, calls for his release and the protection of his human rights. Information concerning Massera is attached. The Council recommended to the Business Meeting of January 23, 1976 that they consider the following resolution: This Business Meeting of the AMS calls for the release from prison of Professor of Mathematics L.A. Ladyzenskii of the University of Riga. Information concerning Ladyzenskii is attached. The Council, on motion of Professor Mary Gray, passed a resolution requesting that a letter of inquiry be sent to the Ambassador from Spain concerning the status and reason for expulsion from Spain of Amin Majtar, Prof. of Algebra, Topology, and Geometry at the University of Malaga. The attached resolution, marked "2. Motion..." from Professor Lee Lorch was considered. In committee of the whole it was recommended that the resolution be rewritten for consideration later in the meeting. The rewritten version was substituted later in the meeting, with the following text: The New York Times (August l7, 1975, p. 29B) reported an official announcement by Admiral Arturo Troncoso, Minister of Education of Chile that (i) 44 professors, employees and students of the University of Chile had been arrested for "Marxist activities" and turned over to military intelligence agents for interrogation, (ii) a few of these 44 were likely to be released shortly as lacking serious involvement in such activities, but (iii) all, including any released, would be dismissed from the University, if employed there, and expelled, if students. Among those arreested, we heard subsequently, was Professor Alicia Alcayaga of the mathematics department. No later information concerning her has reached us. The Council of the AMS deplores these arrests and dismissals. It calls for the release of those arrested and the restoration of those dismissed or expelled. It requests information concerning the present fate of Professor Alicia Alcayaga. The officers of the Society are requested to convey the contents of this statement to General A. Pinochet, President of the Military of Education of the Junta, Santiago, General A. Rodriguez, Rector of the University of Chile, Santiago, and the Chilean Embassy in Washington requesting a reply from each. Further copies, accompanied by requests to each recipient to assist us in the objectives listed and to inform us of their efforts, shall be sent to Dr. Kurt Waldheim, Secretary General of the United Nations, and Dr. Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State of the United States, both of whom shall be informed of the list of other addresses above. The first three paragraphs were passed as a resolution, while the last paragraph was received as information by the Officers. Professor Arthur Mattuck, Chairman of the Committee on External Membership, presented the attached report and moved the Proposal in the box on the first page. There was a friendly amendment to clarify the intent of the Committee by ending the motion with the following paragraph: Existing reciprocity agreements are to be abolished when the new membership category is available. Then there was an amendment proposed by Lee Lorch to delete the paragraph. After extended debate, it lost. Then the proposal as amended as passed. It was observed that the bylaws must be amended in order to establish another class of members and to change voting privileges. The task of drafting the change was assigned to the Secretary. Then it was observed that the usual schedule for making a change in the bylaws would preclude the effective establishment of the new class of membership by January 1, 1977. The Council then amended the previous resolution to make the effective date be January 1, 1978. The text of the motion as twice amended is as follows: The AMS establishes as of January 1, 1978 a new membership category, "foreign member." ELIGIBILITY: Any mathematician with a permanent appointment, or permanently residing, outside the U.S. and Canada may elect to be a foreign member, rather than an ordinary member. Ordinary AMS members who are temporarily visiting abroad are specifically excluded from foreign membership status. "Temporarily" means up to three years. RIGHTS: Foreign members have all privileges of ordinary AMS membership (including journal subscriptions and the right to present papers at meetings), with the exception of voting rights, both by mail and at business meetings, which are reserved for ordinary members. DUES: FOREIGN MEMBERS NOT RESIDENT IN THE U.S. OR CANADA DURING MOST OF THE ACADEMIC YEAR IN WHICH THE DUES ARE PAID: dues to be fixed by the Trustees, but not to exceed 2/3 of the minimum membership rate for ordinary members. ALL OTHER FOREIGN MEMBERS: dues same as those for ordinary members. Existing reciprocity agreements are to be abolished when the new membership category is available. Professor Emery Thomas, Chairman of the ad hoc Committee on Committees, presented the attached report. There was discussion of fractional votes, with not action. The proposal in Section III on the Editorial Committee of the NOTICES was amended to read: The Editorial Board of the NOTICES shall consist of the Executive Director ex officio without vote, the Secretary ex officio with vote, and six other voting members with four year terms selected by the Council in the following manner. Every two years, three members' terms expire. The Nominating Committee submits a proposed slate of three to replace them, making an effort to achieve a Board broadly representative of different viewpoints within the Society involved in NOTICES policy. The Council may ratify the whole slate, or else shall elect the three incoming Board members by preferential ballot. The first occasion when this procedure is followed, the three continuing members shall be obtained from among the present (appointed) Board. This was passed in amended form. Then the report was accepted and the Committee was discharged with thanks. It was understood that unfinished business was to be transferred to the standing Committee on Committees. Professor W.J. LeVeque, Chairman of the Science Policy Committee, spoke about possible ways to handle government support of research mathematics. A draft of an earlier position of the Committee is attached to item 39 of the minutes of the EC/BT of December 5-6, 1975. After discussion, the Council conducted a straw vote involving forced selection among the proposed methods of support, described briefly as a new permanent institute, a parapetetic institute, a large scale postdoctoral fellowship program, and special years. The choice was narrowed to a preference for special years. It was suggested by Professor LeVeque and emphasized by Professor Curtis and the President that it was desirable that members of the Council with views on the issue of government support of research mathematics make them known in writing on the Committee. Professor Lee Lorch introduced the attached motion, headed l. Exchange program ... . It was defeated. Professor Lorch introduced the attached motion headed 3. Rebuilding mathematical life in Viet-Nam. It was defeated. Professor Judy Green inquired about the policy of review by the Executive Director of copy to be mailed when Society mailing lists are rented. Item 34 of the minutes of the Ec/BT of December 5-6, 19875 suggests a possible deviation. Without the formality of a motion, the Exe. Dir. was urged to continue to follow the policy of review. At this point the open meeting adjourned. A report from the AMS-MAA Joint Committee on Women was received and is attached. The minutes of the Conference Board of August 2l, 1975 were received and are attached. It was noted that the first issue of the Houston Journal of Mathematics had appeared. The Tellers of the Election of 1975 presented the attached report. Although the attachment does not include the write-in votes, there was a supplement to the report, including that information and distributed to the pNominating Committee of 1976. there is also an attachment showing the composition of the Council and of the BT for 1976. The election of 1975 included a separate election for four places on the Nominating Committee of 1976. Those elected were: Phyllis J. Cassidy Edward B. curtis Chandler Davis Raymond O. Wells, Jr. President Bers appointed: Armand Borel Kevin McCrimmon David A. Sanchez Dorothy M. Stone to the Committee. Moreover, Borel agreed to be the Chairman. At the suggestion of Professor W. Wistar Comfort, past member of the Editorial Committee of the PROCEEDINGS, his letter of August 25, 1975 to Associate Editor Norman Blackburn on the subject of blind refereeing was distributed for information. A report entitled OVERVIEW AND ANALYSIS OF SCHOOL MATHEMATICS GRADES K-12 from the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences and the National- Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education was distributed under separate cover and is not attached to the minutes. It was observed that the ED has set meetings of the Council as follows: New York April ll, 1976 Toronto August 23, 1976 St. Louis January 26, 1977 Evanston April l5, 1977 Attention was called to the fact that the Toronto Meeting in August 1976 does not follow the usual pattern. The first day of scientific sessions is on August 24, a Tuesday. Moreover, the scientific sessions of the Society precede those of the Association. The report of the Committee to Select the Winner of the Veblen Prize, recommending prizes to: James Simons William Thurston is attached. The EC had approved the awards, acting for the Council. Adjournment after the second executive session was reported to have taken place at 12:05 AM. Everett Pitcher, Secretary January 2l, 1976