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MINUTES OF THE COUNCIL MEETING DATED AUGUST 15, 1977 The Council met on August l5, 1977 in the Condon Room of the University Tower Hotel in Seattle at 5:00 PM. Members present were S. Armentrout, R. Ayoub, D. Bailey, R. Bartle, P. Bateman, L. Bers, R.H. Bing, W. Browder, P. Church, R. Douglas, D. Gale, T.W. Gamelin, R. Goldberg, M. Gray, J. Green, P. Halmos, R. Kirby, W. LeVeque, W.A.J. Luxemburg, R.J. Milgram, K. Norton, B. Osofsky, E. Pitcher, M. Rosenlicht, K. Ross, H. Rossi, L. Rothschild, L. Rubel, R. Seeley, S. Shatz, H. Weinberger, E. Wilkins, J. Wolf. Those also present were L. Durst, R. Hahn, H. MacDonald, G.L. Walker. John Durbin of the Committee on Academic Freedom, Tenure, and Employment Security was present by invitation and Arnold Lebow was given the privilege of the floor. President Bing was in the chair. The minutes of the Council of April 16, 1977, had been distributed by mail. The Secretary noted one correction. The first sentence in the last paragraph, but one should be completed with the italicized words. The Council elected Steven Armentrout to the post of Associate Treasurer for the last half of the 1977 AND ALL OF 1978. Dr. Durst noted two corrections. On p. 4, the following sentence should be added to the end of the third paragraph. THE MOTION AS AMENDED WAS PASSED. On p. 6. L. ll, the word is TIMELY, not TIME. With these corrections, the minutes were approved. Past President Bers presented the report of the Committee on Human Rights of Mathematicians. He first presented a status report on the condition of several individuals whose rights have been invaded and in whom the Committee and the Society have taken particular interest. The Council agreed at his request that an expanded version of the report, not to exceed two pages should appear in the NOTICES. Professor Bers then presented three motions as follows: MOTION l: The 8lst Summer Meeting of the AMS reiterates the deep concern of the U.S. mathematical community about the fate of the famous Uruguayan mathematician Jose Luis Massera, imprisoned since l975, for political reasons, and of Senor Massera, also jailed. We urge that the Masseras be permitted to leave for France where Professor Massera has been offered a position. The officers of the Society are requested to communicate this motion to the government of Uruguay. MOTION II: The 8lst Summer Meeting of the American Mathematical Society reiterates its deep concern about the situation of several Soviet colleagues who are refused permission to emigrate and are penalized for asking such permission by complete exclusion from scientific activities and, in some cases, by harrassment. We are especially moved by the case of the venerable Moscow mathematician, Naum Meiman, and by the case of the two young Kiev Mathematicians, David and Gregory Chudnovsky, whose work aroused admiration among matheicians of the world, and one of whom suffers from a disabling disease (myasthenia gravis). We request the officers of the Society, and mathematicians everywhere to do all they can to help Meiman and the Chudnofskys. Motion III: The 81st Summer Meeting of the AMS notes with dismay that the Moscow mathematician and computer scientist, Anatoli Schcharansky, known for his open legal activities on behalf of human rights, including the right to emigration, has been held in a Moscow prison since March 1977 and is said to face a possible charge of treason. We request that our colleague be either freed or, at the very least, be permitted to see his family and friends and be given a truly open trial, with defense lawyers of his choice, from abroad if need be, and in the presence of representatives of the world mathematical community. In each instance the Committee asked that the Council endorse the motion, recommending it to the Business Meeting of August 17, 1977, for the approval. In each instance, the Council concurred. Professor Karl Hofmann raised with the Council a problem of the delivery of mail to Russian mathematicians. In the attached letter he cited the instance of Professor Boris Moisevich Schein, Editor of the Semigroup Forum. He requested action by the Council. In response, Professor Bers explained to the Council the following device. One may send a letter to the home address of an individual (no clerk in a position to receive it) by registered mail with return receipt requested. When, and if the letter is not received, as indicated by the failure of return of the receipt, one may then complain to the United States Postal Service, which in turn complains to the government of the recipient. That government by international agreement is liable for a fine of $75, payable to the sender, if the letter is not finally delivered as evidenced by the receipt. The existence of this agreed liability is a powerful force in assuring delivery. The Council took no action, but it was understood that the information would be forwarded to Professor Hofmann. The Council turned to questions of (a) the editorial content of the BULLETIN and (b) the place of research announcements in the publication program of the Society. At its meeting of April 16, 1977, the Council passed a resolution that "the new expository journal created by the Board of Trustees be called the BULLETIN of the American Mathematical Society, New Series, and that it contain research expository articles (chosen by a collegial board of Associate Editors) and book reviews." It was recognized when the resolution was passed that the omission of research announcements from the enumerated content was deliberate. When the minutes of the meeting were circulated, there was objection to the action from a number of members. These objections, which are attached, were forwarded to the Committee on Publication Problems, which decided to consider the questions again. In presenting the question to the Committee and to the Council, the Secretary and the Executive Director, after consultation with others, made the following proposal: 1. That the two questions be separated. 2. That the Council reaffirm its position of April l6, 1977 with respect to question (a) 3. That the Council consider alternatives to publication of Research Announcements in the BULLETIN. Prior to the report of the Committee, the Secretary read the following telegram from Professor I.M. Singer. In my opinion, your draft proposal separating the two questions prejudices the issue. It exceeds your authority of Secretary and is based on financial not scientific issues. The PP Committee recommended elimination of Research Announcements largely because communicators felt harassed by present procedures. The scheme outlined in my letter would eliminate most of this pressure. The deletion of Research Announcements from the BULLETIN is an elitist position. Mathematicians at major institutions and their students know the new developments prior to publication. It is important that the mathematical community at large learn quickly what is current. Please read this cable to Committee and Council. The Secretary presented his regrets in case the Council thought he had exceeded his authority and noted that part of the objection raised by certain members to the April action of the Council was their statement that they had been insufficiently notified of the possible recommendation of the Committee on the Publication Problems, a possibility that he was attempting to obviate at the August meeting. Professor Duane Bailey reported for the Committee on Publication Problems. He stated that the Committee had reconsidered its position and continued to support the resolution adopted by the Council of April 1977 that the BULLETIN/New Series consist of research expository articles and book reviews. He stated the recommendation of the Committee that the President appoint a new ad hoc committee, more nearly reflecting the views of those at variance with that action, to study the problems associated with Research Announcements. The Executive Director Designate distributed the attached fact sheet on costs of a separate journal of Research Announcements. There was a motion by Judy Green that an ad hoc committee to study Research Announcements and to report in January 1978 be authorized and that until further notice the policies and procedures governing Research Announcements be reinstated as they operated prior to the meeting of April 1977. The question was divided and the study committee was authorized. The second half, concerning reinstatement of previous policy, was decided by a roll call vote ("by fractions") of 10-10, so that the motion did not pass. There were suggestions that were not formalized as motions and motions proposed that did not come to a vote. Finally, there was a motion by Hans Weinberger that there be a moratorium on acceptance of Research Announcements until the time of the report of the ad hoc committee in January 1978. The motion was passed. It was agreed that the moratorium should be reported to the next business meeting and in the NOTICES. The Council of April 1977 asked for the preparation of a questionnaire that would be useful to the Council in further consideration of the standards and place of the TRANSACTIONS and MEMOIRS. Professor Bailey announced that such a questionnaire had been prepared and had been circulated and reviewed by the Council. It was agreed that the Secretary would circulate the questionnaire, receive comments, circulate the comments, receive a second set of comments, deliver the product to the Editorial Committee of the TRANSACTIONS and MEMOIRS, and report the product to the Council as an attachment to the minutes of the January Council Meeting. During the report of the Committee on Publication Problems, there were several interruptions, but the action has been reported above as though it were a continuous effort. There was a dinner break from 6:30 PM to 8:00 PM, and breaks for discussion of the situation of Yeshiva University and for the executive session as reported below, each of which had a scheduled time. Professor John Durbin, a member of the Committee on Academic Freedom, Tenure and Employment Security reported to the Council on the impending closing of the Belfer Graduate School of Yeshiva University. There were attached papers describing the situation. Professor Arnold Lebow of the Yeshiva Mathematics Department was given the privilege of the floor and supplied additional information. Following the advice of the Chairman of CAFTES, as stated in the attached letter, the Secretary moved that the President be authorized to appoint a committee to approach Mr. Arthur B. Belfer, to convince him personally of the quality of the school and the desirability of maintaining it. There was a friendly amendment to approach Mr. Belfer and such other persons as may seem suitable and with this amendment the motion was passed. The vote was unanimous but there were abstentions. In executive session, the Council accepted the resignation of William J. LeVeque from the Editorial Committee of MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS and from the Council. The Editorial Committee recommended Paul T. Bateman as its candidate to fill the vacancy. The Council elected Professor Bateman to the Editorial Committee for the remainder of the term through 1979. The Council was informed that Armand Borel and Hans Weinberger, nominated by the Council in April 1977 for the position of vice-president, had declined the nomination. The Nominating Committee proposed the names of: Jurgen K. Moser George W. Whitehead as candidates for vice-president and the Council nominated them. The Nominating Committee proposed candidates for non-contested positions as follows: ASSOCIATE SECRETARY (2 positions) Paul Bateman Kenneth A. Ross EDITORIAL COMMITTEES AMERICAN JOURNAL Victor W. Guillemin BULLETIN Felix E. Browder COLLOQUIUM PUBLICATIONS Stephen Smale MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS D.J. Lewis MATHEMATICS OF COMPUTATION James Bramble Walter Gautschi MATHEMATICAL SURVEYS Jane Cronin Scanlon PROCEEDINGS (2 positions) David Eisenbud Robert R. Phelps TRANSACTIONS (2 positions) Wilhelmus A.J. Luxemburg James D. Stasheff COMMITTEE TO MONITOR PROBLEMS IN COMMUNICATION (2 positions) Robert M. Baer Philip t. Church TRUSTEE Joseph J. Kohn The Council nominated these persons. The Nominating Committee proposed that the Chairman of the Nominating Committee and the Secretary be empowered to fill any vacancies in the slate that may appear between the current meeting and the distribution of the ballots. The Council passed such a resolution. The Council returned to open meeting. The EC/BT suggested that dues effective for the year 1979 be raised by 50%, that is, to $48 per year for persons with professional income. The suggestion arose as part of the discussion of the financial problems connected with the BULLETIN. It was envisaged that the BULLETIN would remain a privilege of membership in exactly the present form of subscription, that is, the EC/BT rejected the suggestions of rebate in cash or in credit toward another purchase in exchange for not accepting the BULLETIN. The bylaws lodge the setting of dues with the Council subject to approval by the BT. The EC/BT noted that there is considerable advantage in setting the dues for 1979 at the current meeting rather than waiting for January 1978 in that there is time for the Trustees to act and then for the publicity and printing schedules to be met. The Secretary recalled that the dues were raised from $20 per year by Council action of August 1972, effective January 1974, to the current levels of $32 or $24, effective January 1974, to the current levels of $32 or $24 depending on professional income. There was a question whether the dividing line of $l5,000 should be raised. There was a question whether three levels of dues rather than two were appropriate. The question of justification of the raise in addition to the request of Trustees was broached. It was pointed out that inflation alone was enough to account for the proposed increase. It was suggested that the pattern of dues increases should be increased every year or every other year, rather then large increases at longer intervals. A motion was finally formulated and passed that the dues of regular members be raised, effective for 1979, to $48 per year for persons with annual professional income of $l5,000 or more and to $32 for those with smaller professional income, and that the Trustees be asked to publish a justification in the NOTICES. It was understood that the increase would be reported at the Business Meeting. Professor Leonard Gillman, a former member of the Council, asked in the attached letter whether it is necessary, or desirable, to have a regular meeting of the Council in April. The matter was discussed briefly with no action. Professor Raymond Ayoub raised a question about Society procedures as follows: I should like to bring up a question prompted by the issue of the BULLETIN and the research announcements. I was not present at the meeting in N.Y. and I do not know what the vote was. In any event, I should like to propose a change in the bylaws of the Society to the effect that when an "important" issue comes before the Council, that a 2/3 majority be required for passage. It may be argued that the term "important" is hazy and ambiguous. To these objections, I should like to say that I feel certain that some procedure can be worked out such as the Executive Committee declaring an issue to be "important" or the Council itself can, by simple majority, decide that an issue is important. If such a procedure were adopted, I think that some of the thorny issues could be settled without the turmoil that now accompanies them. Following discussion there was no action. At the request of the Committee on Committees, the Secretary communicated with the chairmen of committees with no apparent activity and reviewed the Council minutes for committee reports that appear final, although the committee was not discharged. As a consequence of recommendations of committee chairmen or of the record in the minutes, the Secretary asked that the following committees be discharged with thanks: Editorial Advisory Committee on the English Edition of the Mathematical Society of Japan Committee on External Membership Continuing Committee on Graduate Education Committee on Mathematical Models as Used in Government Decisions AMS-MAA Committee on Training Graduate Students to Teach. The Council discharged the committees with thanks. With respect to the first four, the motion was final. In the case of the fifth, inasmuch as it is a joint committee, the motion was a recommendation in which concurrence was anticipated. The Council had previously recommended Society participation in a program of the Joint Projects Committee for Mathematics to solicit applications for a position of Congressional Fellow for 1977-78 and to select and fund the successful candidate. The Trustees appropriated the funds for the share of the Society in the venture. There is an attachment of a letter from the JPCM stating that, acting as a selection committee, it recommended that no appointment as fellow be offered this year. The JPCM recommended in the same letter that a fellow be appointed for 1978-79, with early announcement of the competition. A second letter and attached material describe the program. There are slight changes in the budget from that previously proposed, so that the share of the AMS would be $10,000 rather than $9,000. The Council approved Society participation in the program for 1978-79. The Society has had, for more than 10 years, a rule that an individual contributor might publish, at most, one abstract by title per issue of the NOTICES. (Joint authorship is a separately accountable category and is no part of the present discussion.) In administering the rule, the Providence office returns abstracts by title to any contributor who already has two abstracts by title on file waiting for publication in the two subsequent issues. A contributor objected on the grounds that he is prolific, is on leave doing research full time, cannot be accommodated within the rule, and is paying dues partly for the publication privilege. He had four abstracts returned in a batch at the time of his complaint, at a time when the Providence office was already holding four (two more than the canonical two) for future publication. The covering letter returning the abstracts, the letter from the complainant to the Providence office objecting to the policy, one from the Secretary explaining the policy, and a rejoinder by the complainant are attached. The Council considered various possible modifications of the rule of one abstract by title per issue. A motion to increase the number to twelve per year did not pass. Without a formal motion, it was agreed to allow an unlimited backlog to be held in the Providence office. The Secretary received a letter from a member who asked that the Council review the rejection of his abstract by an Associate Secretary. The Associate Secretary rejected the abstract on the stated grounds that the theorem was incorrect. The bylaws specify that "Papers intended for presentation at any meeting shall be passed upon by a program committee appointed by or under the authority of the Council; and only such papers shall be presented as shall have been approved by such committee." In practice, this committee consists of the Associate Secretary with such help as he chooses to seek. When the controversy arose, the Associate Secretary referred the abstract by mail to the Committee to Select Hour Speakers of which he is a member. That Committee concurred (one not responding) in his initial judgment. The Council by consensus agreed that the correct procedures had been followed and that the Council would support the position of the Associate Secretary and take no action. Professor Judy Green states in a letter that "At least one mathematical journal, the Fibonacci Quarterly, has notified a potential contributor that it has imposed a 'temporary moratorium on unsupported manuscripts.'" In response to her request for a discussion of the point, the Secretary sent the attached letter of inquiry to the managing editor. The reply, also attached, came from one of the co-editors, explaining how the journal has an enormous backlog, segregated into supported and unsupported, papers, but does not have mandatory page charges. In 1974, the Society made a survey of publication charges. It is attached. Subsequent to the report, the Executive Director has learned that the American Society of Biological Chemists has a mandatory page charge of $40, soon to be reduced to $25, and a grant equal to the page charge. A quotation from the minutes of April ll, 1975 is pertinent. "It seemed to be agreed that were there to be specific instance of an attempt to enforce such a policy [holding authors individually responsible for page charges and discriminating against those who cannot pay them], it could be brought to the attention of the President, who could protest by letter." The Council passed the following resolution: While understanding the financial difficulties of independent journals, the Council of the AMS urges the Board of Directors of the Fibonacci Association to look for alternatives to their moratorium on the acceptance of unsupported papers. Following the vote, there was some expression of a difference of opinion whether the communication of the motion to the journal should include some explanation by the Secretary. On balance, the sentiment appeared to favor explanation. Professor Judy Green, in a letter, quoted a footnote from the book MATHEMATICS, ITS CONTENT, METHODS, AND MEANING, vol. l, p. 64, as follows: This section is followed in the original Russian text by two sections entitled "The essential nature of mathematics" and "The laws of the development of mathematics." These sections are omitted in the present translation in view of the fact that they discuss in more detail, and in the more general philosophical setting of dialectical materialism, points of view already stated with great clarity in the preceding sections. She further stated. Since this work was prepared by the Editor of TRANSLATIONS of the AMS and copyrighted by the Society, I would like to know whether this type of censorship is standard in the preparation of the translations. The Secretary wrote almost identical letters to the Chairman of the Committee on Translations of that time, Edwin Hewitt, and the Editor of the TRANSLATIONS, Sydney H. Gould. The former is attached, as are both replies. During the discussion, it appeared that it might not be possible to procure a copy of the original Russian edition, either for translation or to review to reconsider whether the original decision not to translate was the correct one. It was agreed to postpone action until it was learned whether a copy could be found. Professor Judy Green stated her opinion that the request for biographical information and candidate's position from the Secretary to the candidates for election is too prescriptive, particularly the request for a list of up to five research papers by the candidate. Her letter is attached, as is one of the letters to candidates to which she objected. She asked for discussion of the question. The Secretary noted that there have been three factors influencing the form of biographical information. The first is a long-standing instruction from the Council and tradition of presenting the education, professional appointments, distinguished lectures, and service to the Society of the candidate. The Council recently gave the Secretary two further definite instructions concerning the solicitation and dissemination of information about candidates in Society elections. In January 1974, at a time when biographical information covered candidates for member-at-large and vice-president, the Council agreed that the: "...candidate be allowed to make a statement of at most l00 words without restriction. In addition the candidate is to be asked to list up to five of her or his research papers." It was understood from the discussion that the existence of the request was to be publicized with the information. The information thus received was added to the standard biography. In April 1977, the Council passed the following resolution: All candidates in AMS elections should be invited to contribute a paragraph of self-identification to be distributed with the ballot. The contents of the paragraph are to be determined entirely by the candidate and are subject only to limitation on length. The request to the candidates was intended to elicit the information to comply with the three instructions. The Secretary has interpreted the instructions as all having force. The Secretary inquired whether the Council, in its resolution of April 1977, intended to abolish the requirement for a standard biography (education, appointment, etc.) and the requirement of a specific opportunity to list research papers. There was no formal motion. However, it was pointed out that the spirit of the April Council resolution might better be followed if it were emphasized in the request that the furnishing of the information and the format were optional. It was reaffirmed that the same request for information was to go not only to candidates for the Nominating Committee, but also to candidates for uncontested offices. Dr. LeVeque read the attached statement concerning the new copyright law effective in 1978. The Council then took two positions. First, subject to approval of the Trustees, the Society will require the author of a review to transfer all rights of copyright to the Society. Second, also subject to approval of the Trustees, the Society will REQUEST the author of a manuscript to transfer all rights of copyright to the Society with the exception that the author may retain the right to authorize republication of his work in a volume of his collected or selected works without payment of royalty to the Society. In this connection, the Council was aware of a decision of the Trustees in 1964 that the Society may not grant permission to another publisher to reprint any work extracted from a publication of the Society without the consent of the author. The wording of the form making the request was to be available to the Council of January 1978. Minutes of the Executive Committee and BT of May 1-2, 1977 are attached. Minutes of the EC/BT by mail, dated June l3, 1977 are attached. The AMS-MAA-SIAM Committee on Women in Mathematics prepared a report for the Board of Governors of the MAA. It is attached for information. At the April meeting, a proxy in writing was offered when a member departed during the discussion of a motion. At the time of the vote, the Secretary asked the pleasure of the Council on accepting a vote by proxy and the Council declined. The Secretary, subsequently, noted that the Council is governed by Sturgis' Parliamentary Procedure, where voting by proxy is discussed. The discussion includes these two passages: In non-profit corporations or organizations, voting by proxy is legal in most states only if it is authorized by the statute and provided for in the charter and bylaws of the organization. All proxies ... must conform strictly to the provision of the statutes and charters, and to the bylaws of the organization. The Secretary observed that neither the charter of the Society nor the bylaws makes any provision for voting by proxy. Everett Pitcher, Secretary August l5, 1977