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The Council met on 7 August 1983, at 5:00 PM in the Squire Room of the Ramada Inn in Albany. Members present were D.W. Anderson, P.T. Bateman, F.P. Browder P.L. Duren, P.A. Fillmore, A.M. Gleason, P.R. Halmos, A.J. Hoffman, M. Jerison, W.B. Johnson, O.C. McGehee, C.C. Moore, E. Pitcher, J.B. Robinson, H.Rossi, L. P. Rothschild, JC. Scanlon, M. Shub, E.M. Stein, H.J. Sussmann. Also present were J. DeRobbio. L.K. Durst. R. Hahn, W.J. LeVeque, J. Mesirov, J. Selfridge. By invitation and with the privilege of the floor, E.F. Infante, Director of the Division of Mathematical & Computer Sciences of the NSF, Judith S. Sunley, Acting Head of the Mathematical Sciences Section, Alex Rosenberg, Society Trustee, and Kenneth Hoffman, Chairman of the Science Policy Committee, were present. MINUTES 1.1 COUNCIL MINUTES OF 14 APRIL 1983; These minutes were previously distributed by mail and were approved. 1.2 TRUSTEES' MINUTES OF 4 JANUARY 1983: These minutes were previously distributed by mail and are attached. 1.3 EC/BT MINUTES OF 13-15 MAY 1983: These minutes were previously distributed by mail and are attached. 1.4 EC MINUTES OF 11 JULY 1983: These minutes are attached. They have not been approved at this point. The following paragraph should be inserted following the first paragraph on the second page: The EC proposes that each copy of the translation of Mat. Sbornik be accompanied by a separate sheet on which the historic high quality of the journal is recognized, the initial willingness of the Society to enter into the agreement to translate it is noted, and the current antisemitic editorial policy is deplored. OFFICERS 3.1 PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENTS: There were no candidates by petition for the Nominating Committee. Presdident Robinson brought the total number of candidates to eight by two appointments, namely: John H. Ewing Barry Simon 3.2 REPORT OF THE SECRETARY: The report is attached. The agenda were not considered in the order presented in order to accommodate the invited guests. The account in these minutes is in the order that items were actually considered. NEW BUSINESS 8.1 NSF SUPPORT OF RESEARCH: Carruth McGehee introduced a procedural motion to the effect that a resolution (untitled and undated) on the criterion for government support of the mathematical sciences, attached to the attached minutes of the EC of 11 July 1983, be presented to the Business Meeting of January 1984 for its endorsement. Professor McGehee noted that he was not one of the authors of the resolution. The EC considered both the procedural motion and the resolution at its meeting of 11 July 1983. The EC took the position presented in the following five statements: 1. The EC can support the substance of the resolution only if it is substantially amended. 2. The EC supports the sentiments expressed in the first two sentences and encourages the deletion of the remainder. 3. The EC regards such a resolution as the proper business of the Council alone (see the bylaws, Article IV, Section 8). 4. The EC believes that the persons at the NSF who are directly administering mathematics grants are already aware of the resolution. The EC also believes that the changes in the distribution of grants about which anxiety has been expressed have not taken place. 5. The EC feels that the manner of expression in the latter parts of the original resolution will not help the case of mathematics with those in higher levels of the administration. Alex Rosenberg spoke to the substance of the resolution. Dr. E.F. Infantem presented figures and charts in support of his position that there had been no recent concentration of support of research of individuals at a small number of institutions. Andrew M. Gleason presented similar material, part of which is attached. After further discussion, Professor McGehee withdrew his motion. The Council recessed for dinner at 6:30 pm. It reconvened in executive session at 8:15 pm, with Council, staff and invited guests Alex Rosenberg and Ivan Niven, President of the MAA in attendance. COMMITTEES AND BOARDS 4.7 WASHINGTON PRESENCE: The Joint Concerns Committee for Mathematics, a creature of AMS-MAA-SIAM, had been seriously considering the establishment of a Washington presence for mathematics. This would consist of a knowledgeable mathematician on part-time salary who would gather information and espouse the cause of mathematics as liaison between the mathematical community and government, particularly the federal government. This person would represent the mathematical science programs in government agencies, White House administrators, and legislators and their aides in order to present a consistent picture of the needs, policies, priorities, and accomplishments of mathematical scientists. Some staff support would be necessary. A possible job description is attached to the EC minutes of 11 July 1983. The carrying out of this project depends on securing the approval and the appropriation of funds by a number of groups. These include not only the AMS, MAA and SIAM, but also several government agencies which might be in a position to supply small amounts of money to be used for the facet of work concerned with the gathering and analysis of information (but not for the promotion of opinions). The EC recommended Society participation in the project and the BT authorized funds for the first year, subject of course to Council approval of the recommendation of the EC. There was extended discussion of the advisability of the proposal. Professor Niven stated that the MAA has agreed to finance a share of the project for one year. It was noted that SIAM had agreed to finance a share for one year also. Professor Carruth McGehee offered the following motion: That the Council endorse the creation of the office of Coordinator of Federal Relations for the Mathematical Sciences, who will report to the Joint Concerns Committee for Mathematics. The appointment of the Coordinator and any AMS financial commitments must be approved by the AMS Trustees. The Council charges the Committee on Science Policy to evalute the performance of the office, to advise the President, thereon, to report its findings to the Council not later than its January, 1985 meeting, and to make recommendations at that time regarding the continu- ation of the office. Should the office be continued, no one person shall serve longer than four years as its head. It was passed by a vote of roll call of nine to seven. On a motion by Professor William B. Johnson, it was decided that the position should be advertised. It was understood that th JCCM would have a search committee to evaluate applicants. It should be noted that although the Science Policy Committee is to evaluate performance from the point of view of the Society, the coordinator is to report to the Joint Concerns Committee. The title "coordinator" is to be regarded as provisional. 4.9 NOMINATIONS: There were no nominations by petition for the positions of vice-president or member-at-large in the election of 1983. Following the suggestion of the Nominating Committee, the Council in executive session, made three additional nominations for the position of member-at-large, namely: Carl R. Riehm Johnathan M. Wahl William K. Allard The Council returned to open session at 10:15 pm. 4.1 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS: The EC recommended that the ad hoc Committee on Professional Ethics become a standing committee. The report of the ad hoc Committee in attachment #16 of the EC/BT minutes of 13-15 May 1983, describes its view of how the standing committee should function. The Council approved the establishment of the Committee. The ad hoc Committee was discharged with thanks. 4.2 DELEGATION OF POWERS: THE EC recommended that three powers delegated by the Council to the EC be delegated instead to the Assocate Secretaries. These are: 1. To elect members of various classes. 2. To set dates and places of meetings 3. To set dates and places of Council meetings. The actions are to be reported to the EC and to be of record as attachments to their minutes. With the modification that the delegation be to the Secretary and the Associate Secretaries, the Council approved. 4.3 TERM OF MEMBERS OF THE EC: THE EC concluded that a term of two years for its elected members is too short for the most effective level of service. Accordingly, the EC recommended to the Council that the procedure be changed so that one member is elected to the EC each year for a term of four years. The bylaws state that the EC shall include four elected members, but do not specify the terms, so that the Council can effect the change. The Council approved the change and requested the Secretary to produce a mechanism by which the Council may vote on the extensions of terms of members required to keep the number of elected members at four during the transition. 4.4 REVIEW OF SOCIETY ACTIVITIES: THE EC in its review of Society activities over a three year cycle considered the multitude of miscellaneous activities of of the Society other than meetings and the publication of mathematics. The report is an attachment to the EC minutes of 11 July 1983, and is incorporated in Council minutes by reference for information. 4.5 EVADING PEER REVIEW: The EC viewed with alarm and distress the fact that some scientific grants may be awarded through a purely political process without the usual scientific review. See the clippings from SCIENCE attached to the minutes of the EC of 11 July 1983. After discussion, Professors Browder and Gleason were appointed a Committee to draft a resolution. The text, produced later in the meeting, is as follows: The Council of the AMS deplores the intervention of political processes in scientific decisions that should be made on the basis of scientific judgments through the peer review process. In particular, we view with dismay that funding for certain scientific projects has been incorporated in legislation that was passed by the House of Representatives although these projects have not been subjected to the review processes that have in the past guided federal fundings. Such action opens the prospect that in the future federal support of science may be determined more by political considerations than by scientific merit. We believe that this prospect constitutes a grave threat to the health of science in the United States. The resolution was passed. 4.6 ENSURING A SUFFICIENT NUMBER OF YOUNG MATHEMATICAL SCIENTISTS: THE EC/BT jointly considered this question at their meeting of 12-15 May 1983. See the minute 6.20 from that meeting, which is also attached to the EC minutes of 11 July 1983, when the EC again considered the question. The attachments to item 6.20 in the minutes of 12-15 May 1983 are pertinent. The EC requested that the Council be made aware of the problem, but that action be postponed at least until January 1984. The same remarks apply to a proposal from Melvin Hochster, which is attached to both sets of minutes. The Council referred both questions to the Committee on Employment and Educational Policy. 4.8 ANNULLED DEGREES: The report of the Committee on Human Rights of Mathematicians was prepared by the new Chairman, Professor Chandler Davis. The Committee was concerned about instances of the withdrawal of advanced degrees in the Soviet Union. Although they had heard that the practice will stop, they had not heard of any case of restoration of degrees. The Committee recognized that withdrawal of a degreee may be different in kind and severity from the violations of rights that the Committee is charged to investigate. For this reason, the Committee brought a specific case to the Council. The case concerns E.P. Gil'bo. His field of mathematics lies between mathematics and statistics. A principal publication is his 1975 book with I. B. Celpanov on applied estimating of time series. His doctorate dates from 1979. He worked for years for the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute. He applied for permission to emigrate in February 1981, following which he was stripped of his degrees in January 1982 and was pressured into resigning from the Institute. The Committee proposed the following resolution: It is moved that the following letter be sent in the name of the Council to Professor Z.S. Vladimirov, Steklov Mathematical Institute, ul. Vavilova 42, 117333 Moscow. [The addressee is the head of the committee on mathematics of the Vyssaja Attestacionaja Kommissija (VAK), which is responsible for the approval of advanced degrees in the Soviet Union.] "Our great respect for the Soviet system of education and our appreciation of your commission, VAK, and its key role in that system move us to ask you about puzzling reports we have received. In particular, it is reported that the scientific degrees of E.P. Gil'bo have been annulled. We are aware of scientific publications by E.P. Gil'bo over a period of almost twenty years, including the 1975 book in collaboration with I.B. Celpanov, we are not aware that anyone has raised doubts of the quality of these publications, or of the quality of his work at the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute. The whole world will naturally assumne that the degrees awared to E.P. Gil'bo were fairly earned; annulling his degrees will not have diminished the honor with which he is regarded by scientitists. We wonder, therefore, why such an action as annulling his degrees should be taken. It may cause him personal difficulties, but we cannot see that it can serve any legitimate scientific purpose. We would be grateful for a reply as we are eager to know your views on this question." The Council passed the resolution. The question whether withdrawal of degrees is a deprivation of rights that falls within the charge, attached, of the Committee was raised during the discussion. The Consensus was that withdrawal of degrees "deprives a mathematician of the opportunity to function professionally." OLD BUSINESS 7.1 MAT. SBORNIK; The EC continues to be concerned about the intrusion of an antisemitic bias into the editorial function of the journal MAT SBORNIK. It is of concern to the Society as a matter of principle and of special concern because the Society publishes a translation. The contract requires that there be no additions, deletions, or alterations in the material as originally published. The EC proposes that each copy of the translation be accompanied (as a loose sheet inserted in the book or in the wrapper) with a statement deploring the antisemitic policy of the editors. In order to focus the argument the Secretary, subsequent to the EC meeting, drafted a statement that was modified by the Council during the discussion to read as follows: The AMS has been cognizant of the mathematical distinction of the journal MAT. SBORNIK. For this reason, and as a service to the mathemnatical community, it was happy to enter into a contract with VAAP (All-Union Agency for Authors' Rights) to translate the journal and publish the translation. At the same time, the Society wishes to record the fact that it deplores the antisemitic bias that has appeared to become part of the editorial policy of the journal. The AMS hopes that this aspect of policy in the management of the journal will change. The statement was approved with the understanding that it also appear in the catalog of publications. 8.2 AAAS AFFILIATION: The Society was invited to affiliate with Section U Statistics of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The Council agreed to apply for affiliation. INNFORMATION AND RECORD 2.1 NSF REPORTS FROM REVIEWERS: Professor Serge Lange requested distribution of the attached material. The Council adjourned at 11:25 pm. August 7, 1983. Everett Pitcher, Secretary