Emil Artin was one of the great mathematicians of the
twentieth century. He had the rare distinction of having solved two of the
famous problems posed by David Hilbert in 1900. He showed that every positive
definite rational function of several variables was a sum of squares. He also
discovered and proved the Artin reciprocity law, the culmination of over a
century and a half of progress in algebraic number theory.

Artin had a great influence on the development of mathematics in his time,
both by means of his many contributions to research and by the high level
and excellence of his teaching and expository writing. In this volume we
gather together in one place a selection of his writings wherein the
reader can learn some beautiful mathematics as seen through the eyes of a
true master.

The volume's Introduction provides a short biographical sketch of Emil
Artin, followed by an introduction to the books and papers included in the
volume. The reader will first find three of Artin's short books, titled
*The Gamma Function*, *Galois Theory*, and *Theory of
Algebraic Numbers*, respectively. These are followed by papers on algebra,
algebraic number theory, real fields, braid groups, and complex and functional
analysis. The three papers on real fields have been translated into English for
the first time.

The flavor of these works is best captured by the following quote of Richard
Brauer. “There are a number of books and sets of lecture notes by Emil
Artin. Each of them presents a novel approach. There are always new ideas and
new results. It was a compulsion for him to present each argument in its purest
form, to replace computation by conceptual arguments, to strip the theory of
unnecessary ballast. What was the decisive point for him was to show the beauty
of the subject to the reader.”

Readership

Advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and research
mathematicians interested in number theory and related topics, and in their history.