Recent developments in the theory of Lorentz spaces and weighted inequalities
About this Title
María J. Carro, José A. Raposo and Javier Soria
Publication: Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society
Publication Year 2007: Volume 187, Number 877
ISBNs: 978-0-8218-4237-9 (print); 978-1-4704-0481-9 (online)
MathSciNet review: 2308059
MSC: Primary 42B25; Secondary 26D10, 46E15
The main objective of this work is to bring together two well known and, a priori, unrelated theories dealing with weighted inequalities for the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator $M$. For this, the authors consider the boundedness of $M$ in the weighted Lorentz space $\Lambda^p_u(w)$. Two examples are historically relevant as a motivation: If $w=1$, this corresponds to the study of the boundedness of $M$ on $L^p(u)$, which was characterized by B. Muckenhoupt in 1972, and the solution is given by the so called $A_p$ weights. The second case is when we take $u=1$. This is a more recent theory, and was completely solved by M.A. Ariño and B. Muckenhoupt in 1991. It turns out that the boundedness of $M$ on $\Lambda^p(w)$ can be seen to be equivalent to the boundedness of the Hardy operator $A$ restricted to decreasing functions of $L^p(w)$, since the nonincreasing rearrangement of $Mf$ is pointwise equivalent to $Af^*$. The class of weights satisfying this boundedness is known as $B_p$.
Even though the $A_p$ and $B_p$ classes enjoy some similar features, they come from very different theories, and so are the techniques used on each case: Calderón–Zygmund decompositions and covering lemmas for $A_p$, rearrangement invariant properties and positive integral operators for $B_p$.
This work aims to give a unified version of these two theories. Contrary to what one could expect, the solution is not given in terms of the limiting cases above considered (i.e., $u=1$ and $w=1$), but in a rather more complicated condition, which reflects the difficulty of estimating the distribution function of the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator with respect to general measures.
Table of Contents
- 1. Boundedness of operators on characteristic functions and the Hardy operator
- 2. Lorentz spaces
- 3. The Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator in weighted Lorentz spaces