Polynomial Identities and Asymptotic Methods
About this Title
Antonio Giambruno, Universitá di Palermo, Palermo, Italy and Mikhail Zaicev, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Publication: Mathematical Surveys and Monographs
Publication Year 2005: Volume 122
ISBNs: 978-0-8218-3829-7 (print); 978-1-4704-1349-1 (online)
MathSciNet review: MR2176105
MSC: Primary 16R10; Secondary 16P90, 20C30
One of the main objectives of this book is to show how one can combine methods of ring theory, combinatorics, and representation theory of groups with an analytical approach in order to study the polynomial identities satisfied by a given algebra. The idea of applying analytical methods to the theory of polynomial identities appeared in the early 1970s and this approach has become one of the most powerful tools of the theory.
A PI-algebra is any algebra satisfying at least one nontrivial polynomial identity. This includes the polynomial rings in one or several variables, the Grassmann algebra, finite-dimensional algebras, and many other algebras that occur naturally in mathematics. The core of the book is the proof that the sequence of codimensions of any PI-algebra has integral exponential growth—the PI-exponent of the algebra. Later chapters apply these results to further subjects, such as a characterization of varieties of algebras having polynomial growth and a classification of varieties that are minimal for a given exponent. Results are extended to graded algebras and algebras with involution. The book concludes with a study of the numerical invariants and their asymptotics in the class of Lie algebras. Even in algebras that are close to being associative, the behavior of the sequences of codimensions can be wild.
Graduate students and research mathematicians interested in polynomial identity algebras.
Table of Contents
- 1. Polynomial identities and PI-algebras
- 2. $S_n$-representations
- 3. Group gradings and group actions
- 4. Codimension and colength growth
- 5. Matrix invariants and central polynomials
- 6. The PI-exponent of an algebra
- 7. Polynomial growth and low PI-exponent
- 8. Classifying minimal varieties
- 9. Computing the exponent of a polynomial
- 10. $G$-identities and $G \wr S_n$-action
- 11. Super algebras, *-algebras and codimension growth
- 12. Lie algebras and non-associative algebras