History of Mathematics 2002; 406 pp; hardcover Volume: 23 ISBN10: 0821821245 ISBN13: 9780821821244 List Price: US$98 Member Price: US$78.40 Order Code: HMATH/23
 Although today's mathematical research community takes its international character very much for granted, this "global nature" is relatively recent, having evolved over a period of roughly 150 yearsfrom the beginning of the nineteenth century to the middle of the twentieth century. During this time, the practice of mathematics changed from being centered on a collection of disparate national communities to being characterized by an international group of scholars for whom the goal of mathematical research and cooperation transcended national boundaries. Yet, the development of an international community was far from smooth and involved obstacles such as war, political upheaval, and national rivalries. Until now, this evolution has been largely overlooked by historians and mathematicians alike. This book addresses the issue by bringing together essays by twenty experts in the history of mathematics who have investigated the genesis of today's international mathematical community. This includes not only developments within component national mathematical communities, such as the growth of societies and journals, but also more wideranging political, philosophical, linguistic, and pedagogical issues. The resulting volume is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of modern mathematics. It will be of interest to mathematicians, historians of mathematics, and historians of science in general. Readership Graduate students, research mathematicians, and historians of mathematics. Reviews "These excellent proceedings further testify to the fact that the internationalization of mathematics is a topic whose time has come."  Mathematical Reviews Table of Contents  K. H. Parshall and A. C. Rice  The evolution of an international mathematical research community, 18001945: An overview and an agenda
 I. GrattanGuinness  The end of dominance: The diffusion of French mathematics elsewhere, 18201870
 E. Ausejo and M. Hormigón  Spanish initiatives to bring mathematics in Spain into the international mainstream
 S. E. Despeaux  International mathematical contributions to British scientific journals, 18001900
 J. Lützen  International participation in Liouville's Journal de mathématiques pures et appliquées
 H. Gispert  The effects of war on France's international role in mathematics, 18701914
 T. Archibald  Charles Hermite and German mathematics in France
 J. E. BarrowGreen  Gösta MittagLeffler and the foundation and administration of Acta Mathematica
 L. Martini  An episode in the evolution of a mathematical community: The case of Cesare Arzelà at Bologna
 A. Brigaglia  The first international mathematical community: The Circolo matematico di Palermo
 J. J. Gray  Languages for mathematics and the language of mathematics in a world of nations
 C. Sasaki  The emergence of the Japanese mathematical community in the modern western style, 18551945
 J. W. Dauben  Internationalizing mathematics east and west: Individuals and institutions in the emergence of a modern mathematical community in China
 Y. Xu  ChineseU. S. mathematical relations, 18591949
 D. D. Fenster  American initiatives toward internationalization: The case of Leonard Dickson
 R. SiegmundSchultze  The effects of Nazi rule on the international participation of German mathematicians: An overview and two case studies
 S. L. Segal  War, refugees, and the creation of an international mathematical community
 O. Lehto  The formation of the international mathematical union
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