History of Mathematics 1994; 500 pp; softcover Volume: 8 Reprint/Revision History: reprinted with corrections 1997 ISBN10: 0821809075 ISBN13: 9780821809075 List Price: US$50 Member Price: US$40 Order Code: HMATH/8.S
 This volume traces the transformation of the United States from a mathematical backwater to a major presence during the quartercentury from 1876 to 1900. Presenting a detailed study of the major figures involved in this transformation, it focuses on the three most influential individualsthe British algebraist James Joseph Sylvester, the German standardbearer Felix Klein, and the American mathematician Eliakim Hastings Mooreand on the principal institutions with which they were associatedthe Johns Hopkins University, Göttingen University, and the University of Chicago. This book further analyzes the research traditions these men and their institutions represented, the impact they had on the second generation of American mathematical researchers, and the role of the American Mathematical Society in these developments. This is the first work ever written on the history of American mathematics during this period and one of the few books that examines the historical development of American mathematics from a wide perspective. By placing the development of American mathematics within the context of broader external factors affecting historical events, the authors show how the character of American research was decisively affected by the surrounding scientific, educational, and social contexts of the period. Aimed at a general mathematical audience and at historians of science, this book contains an abundance of unpublished archival material, numerous rare photographs, and an extensive bibliography. Readership General mathematical audience, particularly those interested in the history of American mathematics and science. Reviews "Fine and extensive account of the growth of mathematics in the United States ... completed by a fine bibliography and index ... Professional researchlevel mathematics, in quantity, came late to the United States; however, once inaugurated ... it rose more like a liftoff than a takeoff. This book admirably records the countdown and launch."  Isis "Though there exist several detailed presentations of the history of American science, a history of American mathematics was still missing. The present book intends to fill this gap in the case of the period 18761900 ... In an excellent way this book gives an incredible amount of details, never losing sight of the whole. Thirteen tables and a subject index make information easy. The authors did not only use published sources ... but also manuscript material from several archives. There are included many photos, some of them being published for the first time. This book is a sound and high quality investigation."  Zentralblatt MATH "This fascinating book is a contribution to the history of American science, but it is also written for a general mathematical audience. For those of us who have made our careers in American mathematics and are interested in understanding our intellectual heritage, it is essential reading ... The mathematics is treated fairly thoroughly, but in the main this is a work of educational history."  Mathematical Reviews "One of the best books in the history of mathematics. Thoroughly referenced, it will satisfy your academic and historical urges."  Journal of Recreational Mathematics Table of Contents  An overview of American mathematics: 17761876
 A new departmental prototype: J. J. Sylvester and the Johns Hopkins University
 Mathematics at Sylvester's Hopkins
 German mathematics and the early mathematical career of Felix Klein
 America's wanderlust generation
 Changes on the horizon
 The World's Columbian exposition of 1893 and the Chicago Mathematical Congress
 Surveying mathematical landscapes: The Evanston Colloquium Lectures
 Meeting the challenge: The University of Chicago and the American mathematical research community
 Epilogue: Beyond the threshold: The American mathematical research community, 19001933
 Bibliography
