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Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society
2011; 86 pp; softcover
List Price: US$70
Individual Members: US$42
Institutional Members: US$56
Order Code: MEMO/215/1011
In this article the author uses techniques from algebraic geometry and homological algebra, together with ideas from string theory to construct a class of 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau algebras. The Calabi-Yau property appears throughout geometry and string theory and is increasingly being studied in algebra. He further shows that the algebras constructed are examples of non-commutative crepant resolutions (NCCRs), in the sense of Van den Bergh, of Gorenstein affine toric threefolds.
Dimer models, first studied in theoretical physics, give a way of writing down a class of non-commutative algebras, as the path algebra of a quiver with relations obtained from a `superpotential'. Some examples are Calabi-Yau and some are not. The author considers two types of `consistency' conditions on dimer models, and shows that a `geometrically consistent' dimer model is `algebraically consistent'. He proves that the algebras obtained from algebraically consistent dimer models are 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau algebras. This is the key step which allows him to prove that these algebras are NCCRs of the Gorenstein affine toric threefolds associated to the dimer models.
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