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General Relativistic Self-Similar Waves that Induce an Anomalous Acceleration into the Standard Model of Cosmology
Joel Smoller, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, and Blake Temple, University of California, Davis, CA

Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society
2012; 69 pp; softcover
Volume: 218
ISBN-10: 0-8218-5358-9
ISBN-13: 978-0-8218-5358-0
List Price: US$58
Individual Members: US$34.80
Institutional Members: US$46.40
Order Code: MEMO/218/1025
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The authors prove that the Einstein equations for a spherically symmetric spacetime in Standard Schwarzschild Coordinates (SSC) close to form a system of three ordinary differential equations for a family of self-similar expansion waves, and the critical (\(k=0\)) Friedmann universe associated with the pure radiation phase of the Standard Model of Cosmology is embedded as a single point in this family. Removing a scaling law and imposing regularity at the center, they prove that the family reduces to an implicitly defined one-parameter family of distinct spacetimes determined by the value of a new acceleration parameter \(a\), such that \(a=1\) corresponds to the Standard Model.

The authors prove that all of the self-similar spacetimes in the family are distinct from the non-critical \(k\neq0\) Friedmann spacetimes, thereby characterizing the critical \(k=0\) Friedmann universe as the unique spacetime lying at the intersection of these two one-parameter families. They then present a mathematically rigorous analysis of solutions near the singular point at the center, deriving the expansion of solutions up to fourth order in the fractional distance to the Hubble Length. Finally, they use these rigorous estimates to calculate the exact leading order quadratic and cubic corrections to the redshift vs luminosity relation for an observer at the center.

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Self-similar coordinates for the \(k=0\) FRW spacetime
  • The expanding wave equations
  • Canonical co-moving coordinates and comparison with the \(k\neq0\) FRW spacetimes
  • Leading order corrections to the standard model induced by the expanding waves
  • A foliation of the expanding wave spacetimes into flat spacelike hypersurfaces with modified scale factor \(R(t)=t^{a}\)
  • Expanding wave corrections to the standard model in approximate co-moving coordinates
  • Redshift vs luminosity relations and the anomalous acceleration
  • Appendix: The mirror problem
  • Concluding remarks
  • Bibliography
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