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Mathematics of Computation

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A bivariate generalization of Hermite's interpolation formula


Author: A. C. Ahlin
Journal: Math. Comp. 18 (1964), 264-273
MSC: Primary 65.20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0025-5718-1964-0164428-6
MathSciNet review: 0164428
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Abstract: One of the most commonly used methods for deriving formulas for bivariate interpolation is that of extending to two variables the formulas of Lagrange, Aitken, Newton, Gauss, Stirling, Everett, Bessel, etc., in which forward, backward and central-differences are used. These formulas have the property that the resulting interpolation polynomial agrees with the interpolated function, $ f(x,\,y)$, at each of the node points of a Cartesian grid. In this study, we shall investigate the existence of a wider class of interpolation formulas, together with their associated error terms, than those obtainable by the method just described. To this end, we develop a bivariate osculatory interpolation polynomial which not only agrees with $ f(x,\,y)$ in function values at each of the node points of a Cartesian grid but which also enjoys the property that agreement in values of partial and mixed partial derivatives up to specified, arbitrary orders is obtainable at these points. The result is essentially a bivariate generalization of Hermite's interpolation formula.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0025-5718-1964-0164428-6
Article copyright: © Copyright 1964 American Mathematical Society