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Mathematics of Computation

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Degenerate roots of three transcendental equations involving spherical Bessel functions

Authors: Robert L. Pexton and Arno D. Steiger
Journal: Math. Comp. 33 (1979), 1041-1048
MSC: Primary 65H10; Secondary 65D20
MathSciNet review: 528056
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Abstract: Roots of the three transcendental equations

\begin{displaymath}\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {{j_l}(\alpha \lambda ){y_l}(\lambda ... ...\prime [x{y_l}(x)]_{x = \alpha \eta }^\prime ,} \\ \end{array} \end{displaymath}


$\displaystyle [{j_l}(x)]_{x = \alpha \mu }^\prime [{y_l}(x)]_{x = \mu }^\prime = [{j_l}(x)]_{x = \mu }^\prime [{y_l}(x)]_{x = \alpha \mu }^\prime $

that are degenerate for certain values of the parameter $ \alpha \in (0,1)$ are presented. The symbols $ {j_l}$ and $ {y_l}$ denote the spherical Bessel functions of the first and second kind. Root degeneracies are discussed for each equation individually as well as for pairs of equations. Only positive roots are considered, since the equations are invariant under the transformations $ \lambda \to - \lambda $, $ \eta \to - \eta $, and $ \mu \to - \mu $. When $ l = 0$, only the third equation has nontrivial roots. These roots are identical with the roots of the first equation for $ l = 1$, i.e. $ {\mu _{0n}} = {\lambda _{1n}}(n = 1,2, \ldots )$. Various graphs of $ {\lambda _{ln}}$, $ {\eta _{ln}}$, and $ {\mu _{ln}}$ display root-degeneracies as intersections of curves. Accurate values of degenerate roots with the corresponding values of $ \alpha $ are exhibited in tables.

Roots of the third equation for $ l = 1(1)15$, $ n = 1(1)30$, $ \alpha = 0.1(0.1)0.7$, together with their minima and associated values of the parameter $ \alpha $, are given in the microfiche supplement accompanying this issue. Roots of the first and the second equation and minima of roots of the second equation are published in v. 31 and v. 32 of this journal.

The roots of the first two equations determine the eigenfrequencies of the transverse electric and the transverse magnetic normal modes of an ideal cavity resonator bounded by two concentric spheres ( $ r = \alpha R$ and $ r = R$). The roots of the third equation determine the frequencies of the irrotational magnetic eigenfields.

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Keywords: Roots of transcendental equations, spherical Bessel functions, degenerate roots, electromagnetic cavity resonators
Article copyright: © Copyright 1979 American Mathematical Society