ISSN 1088-6842(online) ISSN 0025-5718(print)

Notes on some new kinds of pseudoprimes

Author: Zhenxiang Zhang
Journal: Math. Comp. 75 (2006), 451-460
MSC (2000): Primary 11A15; Secondary 11A51, 11Y11
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0025-5718-05-01775-8
Published electronically: September 15, 2005
MathSciNet review: 2176408
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Abstract: J. Browkin defined in his recent paper (Math. Comp. 73 (2004), pp. 1031-1037) some new kinds of pseudoprimes, called Sylow -pseudoprimes and elementary Abelian -pseudoprimes. He gave examples of strong pseudoprimes to many bases which are not Sylow -pseudoprime to two bases only, where or .

In this paper, in contrast to Browkin's examples, we give facts and examples which are unfavorable for Browkin's observation to detect compositeness of odd composite numbers. In Section 2, we tabulate and compare counts of numbers in several sets of pseudoprimes and find that most strong pseudoprimes are also Sylow -pseudoprimes to the same bases. In Section 3, we give examples of Sylow -pseudoprimes to the first several prime bases for the first several primes . We especially give an example of a strong pseudoprime to the first six prime bases, which is a Sylow -pseudoprime to the same bases for all . In Section 4, we define to be a -fold Carmichael Sylow pseudoprime, if it is a Sylow -pseudoprime to all bases prime to for all the first smallest odd prime factors of . We find and tabulate all three -fold Carmichael Sylow pseudoprimes . In Section 5, we define a positive odd composite to be a Sylow uniform pseudoprime to bases , or a Syl-upsp for short, if it is a Syl-psp for all the first small prime factors of , where is the number of distinct prime factors of . We find and tabulate all the 17 Syl-upsp's and some Syl-upsp 's . Comparisons of effectiveness of Browkin's observation with Miller tests to detect compositeness of odd composite numbers are given in Section 6.

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Keywords: Strong pseudoprimes, Miller tests, Sylow $p$-pseudoprimes, elementary Abelian $p$-pseudoprimes, $k$-fold Carmichael Sylow pseudoprimes, Sylow uniform pseudoprimes