Remote Access Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
Green Open Access

Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

ISSN 1088-6826(online) ISSN 0002-9939(print)



Bounds for zeros of some special functions

Author: Herbert W. Hethcote
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 25 (1970), 72-74
MSC: Primary 34.42; Secondary 33.00
MathSciNet review: 0255909
Full-text PDF

Abstract | References | Similar Articles | Additional Information

Abstract: For $ n \geqq 1$ let $ {b_n}$ and $ {c_n}$ be zeros (ordered by increasing values) of $ u(x)$ and $ v(x)$, respectively, which are non-trivial solutions of $ u'' + p(x)u = 0$ and $ v'' + q(x)v = 0$ with continuous $ p(x)$ and $ q(x)$. It is shown that if $ {b_n} - {c_n} \to 0$ as $ n \to \infty ,\;p(x) \geqq q(x)$, and either $ p(x)$ or $ q(x)$ is nonincreasing, then $ {b_n} \geqq {c_n}$ for $ n \geqq 1$. Inequalities related to asymptotic expansions are obtained for the negative zeros $ {a_n}$ of the Airy function $ Ai(z)$ and the zeros $ {j_{v,n}}$ of the Bessel function $ {J_v}(x)$.

References [Enhancements On Off] (What's this?)

  • [1] E. L. Ince, Ordinary Differential Equations, Dover Publications, New York, 1944. MR 0010757
  • [2] J. C. P. Miller, The Airy Integral, Giving Tables of Solutions of the Differential Equation 𝑦”=𝑥𝑦, Cambridge, at the University Press; New York, The Macmillan Company, 1946. MR 0018971
  • [3] G. Szegö, Orthogonal polynomials, Amer. Math. Soc. Colloq. Publ., vol. 23, Amer. Math. Soc., Providence, R. I., 1939. MR 1, 14.
  • [4] G. N. Watson, A Treatise on the Theory of Bessel Functions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England; The Macmillan Company, New York, 1944. MR 0010746

Similar Articles

Retrieve articles in Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society with MSC: 34.42, 33.00

Retrieve articles in all journals with MSC: 34.42, 33.00

Additional Information

Keywords: Zeros of special functions, asymptotic expansions, approximation of zeros, Sturm comparison theorem, Airy functions, Bessel functions
Article copyright: © Copyright 1970 American Mathematical Society

American Mathematical Society