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Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
ISSN 1088-6826(online) ISSN 0002-9939(print)

Infinite cyclic normal subgroups of fundamental groups of noncompact $ 3$-manifolds


Author: Bobby Neal Winters
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 120 (1994), 959-963
MSC: Primary 57N10; Secondary 57M50
MathSciNet review: 1231306
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Abstract: It is shown that an end-irreducible $ 3$-manifold each of whose boundary components is compact and whose fundamental group contains an infinite cyclic normal subgroup is Seifert fibered.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-1994-1231306-1
PII: S 0002-9939(1994)1231306-1
Article copyright: © Copyright 1994 American Mathematical Society