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Discontinuity of multiplication and left translations in $ \beta G$

Author: Yevhen Zelenyuk
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 143 (2015), 877-884
MSC (2010): Primary 03E35, 22A15; Secondary 22A05, 54D35
Published electronically: October 6, 2014
MathSciNet review: 3283674
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Abstract: The operation of a discrete group $ G$ naturally extends to the Stone-Čech compactification $ \beta G$ of $ G$ so that for each $ a\in G$, the left translation $ \beta G\ni x\mapsto ax\in \beta G$ is continuous, and for each $ q\in \beta G$, the right translation $ \beta G\ni x\mapsto xq\in \beta G$ is continuous. We show that for every Abelian group $ G$ with finitely many elements of order 2 such that $ \vert G\vert$ is not Ulam-measurable and for every $ p,q\in G^*=\beta G\setminus G$, the multiplication $ \beta G\times \beta G\ni (x,y)\mapsto xy\in \beta G$ is discontinuous at $ (p,q)$. We also show that it is consistent with ZFC, the system of usual axioms of set theory, that for every Abelian group $ G$ and for every $ p,q\in G^*$, the left translation $ G^*\ni x\mapsto px\in G^*$ is discontinuous at $ q$.

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Additional Information

Yevhen Zelenyuk
Affiliation: School of Mathematics, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits 2050, South Africa

Keywords: Stone-\v{C}ech compactification, ultrafilter, $P$-point, Ulam-measurable cardinal, discontinuity, weak $(p, q)$-homomorphism.
Received by editor(s): February 19, 2013
Received by editor(s) in revised form: May 18, 2013
Published electronically: October 6, 2014
Additional Notes: The author was supported by NRF grant IFR2011033100072.
Communicated by: Mirna Džamonja
Article copyright: © Copyright 2014 American Mathematical Society

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