A variational principle for surface waves in magnetohydrodynamics
Abstract: A variational principle for the motion of the interface between an infinitely conducting fluid and a vacuum magnetic field is given. This variational principle not only gives the Laplace equation governing the velocity potential and the magnetic-field potential, but also provides all the boundary conditions appropriate to the interface between an infinitely conducting fluid and a vacuum magnetic field. However, unlike the hydrodynamical case, this variational principle does not have the simple physical interpretation of the stationarity of the fluid pressure + magnetic field pressure.
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