A GCH example of an ordinal graph with no infinite path

Author:
Jean A. Larson

Journal:
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. **303** (1987), 383-393

MSC:
Primary 03E50; Secondary 03E05, 04A20, 05C99

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-1987-0896028-6

MathSciNet review:
896028

Full-text PDF Free Access

Abstract | References | Similar Articles | Additional Information

Abstract: It is hard to find nontrivial positive partition relations which hold for many ordinals in ordinary set theory, or even ordinary set theory with the additional assumption of the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis. Erdös, Hajnal and Milner have proved that limit ordinals satisfy a positive partition relation that can be expressed in graph theoretic terms. In symbols one writes to mean that every graph on an ordinal either has a subset order isomorphic to in which no two points are joined by an edge or has an infinite path. This positive result generalizes to ordinals of cardinality for a natural number. However, the argument, based on a set mapping theorem, works only on the initial segment of the limit ordinals of cardinality for which the set mapping theorem is true. In this paper, the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis is used to construct counterexamples for a cofinal set of ordinals of cardinality , where is a natural number at least two.

**[1]**J. Baumgartner and J. Larson,*A diamond example of an ordinal graph with no infinite paths*.**[2]**Tim Carlson,*The pin-up conjecture*, Axiomatic set theory (Boulder, Colo., 1983) Contemp. Math., vol. 31, Amer. Math. Soc., Providence, RI, 1984, pp. 41–62. MR**763892**, https://doi.org/10.1090/conm/031/763892**[3]**P. Erdős, A. Hajnal, and E. C. Milner,*Set mappings and polarized partition relations*, Combinatorial theory and its applications, I (Proc. Colloq., Balatonfüred, 1969) North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1970, pp. 327–363. MR**0299537****[4]**John Gregory,*Higher Souslin trees and the generalized continuum hypothesis*, J. Symbolic Logic**41**(1976), no. 3, 663–671. MR**0485361**, https://doi.org/10.2307/2272043**[5]**Thomas Jech,*Set theory*, Academic Press [Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers], New York-London, 1978. Pure and Applied Mathematics. MR**506523****[6]**J. Larson,*Martin's Axiom and ordinal graphs*:*large independent sets or infinite paths*.

Retrieve articles in *Transactions of the American Mathematical Society*
with MSC:
03E50,
03E05,
04A20,
05C99

Retrieve articles in all journals with MSC: 03E50, 03E05, 04A20, 05C99

Additional Information

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-1987-0896028-6

Article copyright:
© Copyright 1987
American Mathematical Society