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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society
Transactions of the American Mathematical Society
ISSN 1088-6850(online) ISSN 0002-9947(print)

 

The structure of Mackey functors


Authors: Jacques Thévenaz and Peter Webb
Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 347 (1995), 1865-1961
MSC: Primary 20C20; Secondary 20J05
MathSciNet review: 1261590
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Abstract: Mackey functors are a framework having the common properties of many natural constructions for finite groups, such as group cohomology, representation rings, the Burnside ring, the topological $ {\text{K}}$-theory of classifying spaces, the algebraic $ {\text{K}}$-theory of group rings, the Witt rings of Galois extensions, etc. In this work we first show that the Mackey functors for a group may be identified with the modules for a certain algebra, called the Mackey algebra. The study of Mackey functors is thus the same thing as the study of the representation theory of this algebra. We develop the properties of Mackey functors in the spirit of representation theory, and it emerges that there are great similarities with the representation theory of finite groups. In previous work we had classified the simple Mackey functors and demonstrated semisimplicity in characteristic zero. Here we consider the projective Mackey functors (in arbitrary characteristic), describing many of their features. We show, for example, that the Cartan matrix of the Mackey algebra may be computed from a decomposition matrix in the same way as for group representations. We determine the vertices, sources and Green correspondents of the projective and simple Mackey functors, as well as providing a way to compute the Ext groups for the simple Mackey functors. We parametrize the blocks of Mackey functors and determine the groups for which the Mackey algebra has finite representation type. It turns out that these Mackey algebras are direct sums of simple algebras and Brauer tree algebras. Throughout this theory there is a close connection between the properties of the Mackey functors, and the representations of the group on which they are defined, and of its subgroups. The relationships between these representations are exactly the information encoded by Mackey functors. This observation suggests the use of Mackey functors in a new way, as tools in group representation theory.


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Additional Information

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-1995-1261590-5
PII: S 0002-9947(1995)1261590-5
Keywords: Mackey functor, group cohomology, Burnside ring, group representation, block, Brauer tree
Article copyright: © Copyright 1995 American Mathematical Society