C*-Algebras with the Approximate Positive Factorization Property

Authors:
G. J. Murphy and N. C. Phillips

Journal:
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. **348** (1996), 2291-2306

MSC (1991):
Primary 46L05, 46L10

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-96-01657-1

MathSciNet review:
1357402

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Abstract: We say that a unital -algebra has the approximate positive factorization property (APFP) if every element of is a norm limit of products of positive elements of . (There is also a definition for the nonunital case.) T. Quinn has recently shown that a unital AF algebra has the APFP if and only if it has no finite dimensional quotients. This paper is a more systematic investigation of -algebras with the APFP. We prove various properties of such algebras. For example: They have connected invertible group, trivial , and stable rank 1. In the unital case, the group separates the tracial states. The APFP passes to matrix algebras, and if is an ideal in such that and have the APFP, then so does . We also give some new examples of -algebras with the APFP, including type factors and infinite-dimensional simple unital direct limits of homogeneous -algebras with slow dimension growth, real rank zero, and trivial group. Simple direct limits of homogeneous -algebras with slow dimension growth which have the APFP must have real rank zero, but we also give examples of (nonsimple) unital algebras with the APFP which do not have real rank zero. Our analysis leads to the introduction of a new concept of rank for a -algebra that may be of interest in the future.

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Additional Information

**G. J. Murphy**

Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, University College, Cork, Ireland

Email:
gjm@ucc.ie

**N. C. Phillips**

Affiliation:
Department of Mathematics, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403-1222

Email:
phillips@bright.uoregon.edu

DOI:
https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-96-01657-1

Received by editor(s):
April 21, 1994

Received by editor(s) in revised form:
December 19, 1994

Additional Notes:
Partially supported by NSF grant DMS-9106285.

Article copyright:
© Copyright 1996
American Mathematical Society