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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

ISSN 1088-6850(online) ISSN 0002-9947(print)

   
 

 

Excited Young diagrams, equivariant $ K$-theory, and Schubert varieties


Authors: William Graham and Victor Kreiman
Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 367 (2015), 6597-6645
MSC (2010): Primary 05E15; Secondary 14M15, 05E99
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-2015-06288-6
Published electronically: March 2, 2015
MathSciNet review: 3356949
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Abstract: We give combinatorial descriptions of the restrictions to $ T$-fixed points of the classes of structure sheaves of Schubert varieties in the $ T$-
equivariant $ K$-theory of Grassmannians and of maximal isotropic Grassmannians of orthogonal and symplectic types. We also give formulas, based on these descriptions, for the Hilbert series and Hilbert polynomials at $ T$-fixed points of the corresponding Schubert varieties. These descriptions and formulas are given in terms of two equivalent combinatorial models: excited Young diagrams and set-valued tableaux. The restriction formulas are positive, in that for a Schubert variety of codimension $ d$, the formula equals $ (-1)^d$ times a sum, with nonnegative coefficients, of monomials in the expressions $ (e^{-\alpha } -1)$, as $ \alpha $ runs over the positive roots. In types $ A_n$ and $ C_n$ the restriction formulas had been proved earlier by Kreiman using a different method. In type $ A_n$, the formula for the Hilbert series had been proved earlier by Li and Yong. The method of this paper, which relies on a restriction formula of Graham and Willems, is based on the method used by Ikeda and Naruse to obtain the analogous formulas in equivariant cohomology. The formulas we give differ from the $ K$-theoretic restriction formulas given by Ikeda and Naruse, which use different versions of excited Young diagrams and set-valued tableaux. We also give Hilbert series and Hilbert polynomial formulas which are valid for Schubert varieties in any cominuscule flag variety, in terms of the 0-Hecke algebra.


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Additional Information

William Graham
Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, Boyd Graduate Studies Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602
Email: wag@math.uga.edu

Victor Kreiman
Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University of Wisconsin - Parkside, Kenosha, Wisconsin 53141
Email: kreiman@uwp.edu

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-2015-06288-6
Received by editor(s): February 14, 2013
Received by editor(s) in revised form: March 5, 2013, and September 26, 2013
Published electronically: March 2, 2015
Article copyright: © Copyright 2015 by the authors