The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
"Kaleidospheres," by Chaim Goodman-Strauss, University of Arkansas (http://mathbun.com/main.php)
There are five types of kaleidoscopic symmetry on the sphere (two of which are infinite families). Four are shown here: *532, *432, *332, and *22N. It is quite amusing to make real, physical kaleidoscopes that produce images like these.