The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
"Perspicuous," by Matjuska Teja Krasek (Artist, Ljubljana, Slovenia)
Digital print, 1995/2008. "Perspicuous" is a geometrical composition where a basic decagonal shape exhibits fivefold symmetry. The straight lines inside reveal the richness and interconnectedness of the geometrical shapes (pentagons, triangles, Penrose rhombs and kites), we can observe golden mean relations. Krasek’s theoretical, as well as practical, work is especially focused on symmetry as a linking concept between art and science, on filling a plane with geometrical shapes, especially those constituting Penrose tilings (rhombs, kites, and darts). The author's interest is focused on the shapes' inner relations, on the relations between the shapes and between them and a regular pentagon. The artworks among others illustrate certain properties, such as golden mean relations, selfsimilarity, fivefold symmetry, Fibonacci sequence, inward infinity, and perceptual ambiguity… Krasek’s work concentrates on melding art, science, mathematics and technology. She employs contemporary computer technology as well as classical painting techniques. Her artworks and articles are exhibited and published internationally. Krasek’s artworks are among the winners of the 2nd and the 3rd International NanoArt competition. --- Matjuska Teja Krasek (Artist, Ljubljana, Slovenia) http://www.tejakrasek.com