The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
"Calla Lily 32 infinity," by Chaim Goodman-Strauss, University of Arkansas (http://mathbun.com/main.php)
The group SL_2(Z) acts on the hyperbolic plane discretely, producing patterns of symmetry type 23 infinity, such as the one shown here. Similarly, the 2-fold cover GL_2(Z) acts with symmetry type *23 infinity. This image is from "The Symmetries of Things", by John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel and Chaim Goodman-Strauss (AK Peters, 2008).