The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.
Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.
"Self-similar Knot No. 1," by Robert Fathauer (Tessellations, Phoenix, AZ)
Digital print, 13" x 16", 2009. A starting knot was created that possessed sufficient geometric regularity to allow iterative replacement of a portion of the knot with a scaled down copy of the knot. Three such iterations were carried out to obtain the knot shown here. In addition, the path of the strands was smoothed out so that strand in the final knot curves gracefully, as opposed to being a series of straight line segments that change angle abruptly. The knot was constructed using the program KnotPlot and then exported to PhotoShop for touching up. --- Robert Fathauer (Tessellations, Phoenix, AZ) http://members.cox.net/tessellations/index.html
Robert Fathauer makes limited-edition prints inspired by tiling, fractals, and knots. He employs mathematics in his art to express his fascination with certain aspects of our world, such as symmetry, complexity, chaos, and infinity. His artworks are created on a Macintosh computer.