Math ImageryThe connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of years. Mathematics has been used in the design of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, oriental rugs, mosaics and tilings. Geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract expressionists, and award-winning sculptors have used topology as the basis for their pieces. Dutch artist M.C. Escher represented infinity, Möbius ands, tessellations, deformations, reflections, Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane in his works.

Mathematicians and artists continue to create stunning works in all media and to explore the visualization of mathematics--origami, computer-generated landscapes, tesselations, fractals, anamorphic art, and more.

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Home > Frank Farris :: Seeing Symmetry

Last additions - Frank Farris :: Seeing Symmetry
"A cm Pattern from a Minneapolis Skyline, (vertical format)," by Frank A. Farris, Santa Clara University, CAInk jet on paper.

Fantastical samurai appeared when I used a photograph of the Minneapolis skyline on an autumn day in conjunction with wave functions adapted for cm patterns. --- Frank A. Farris
Sep 18, 2013
"Turtles with Local Symmetry," Frank A. Farris, Santa Clara University, CAInk jet on paper, 2012.

There is no mirror symmetry in this image, only 6-fold rotational symmetry. And yet our eye cannot help seeing symmetry in the turtle shapes. This "local symmetry" is the topic of an article, "Local symmetry in wallpaper," in preparation. --- Frank A. Farris
Jun 21, 2013
"A cmm Pattern from Peppers on a Cutting Board," by Frank A. Farris, Santa Clara University, CAInk jet on paper.

The bright oranges in this cmm pattern come from a photograph of assorted chopped peppers, with collard greens and the glint of the knife as nice contrasts. --- Frank A. Farris
Jun 21, 2013
"Tiffany Glass from a Mountain Gentian and its Negative," by Frank A. Farris, Santa Clara University, CAInk jet on paper, 2012.

Using a composite photograph of a mountain gentian juxtaposed with its negative to produce an intense contrast of purple with the original green, I used just the right waves to make wallpaper with horizontal mirrors, vertical glides, and 2-fold rotational symmetry. In the notation of the International Union of Crystallographers, the symmetry group of this pattern is pmg, but if we allow color-swapping transformations as generalized symmetries, the larger group is cmm, so this pattern type is called cmm/pmg. The "Seeing Symmetry" virtual exhibition at includes more works and details. --- Frank A. Farris
Jun 21, 2013
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