# Federal Funding of Basic Research

### Average Annual Growth Rates for Federal Obligations for Basic Research

This table gives the average annual rate of growth in basic research support by period. This annual growth rate is calculated by considering the federal obligation in a given year, denoted as Year 1 (for example, 1952), observing the federal obligation in a later year, denoted as Year 2 (for example, 1959), and then calculating the annual compound interest rate needed to obtain the federal obligation in Year 2, starting with the amount obligated in Year 1. The formula for this rate in percent is Rate = ((Year 2 $/Year 1 $)^(1/# of years)-1)*100.

The calculations are done in constant dollars, using 1992 as the base year.

______________________________________________________________________ Period Number Year 1 ($) Year 2 ($) Rate(Year 1-Year 2) of Years (thousands) (thousands) %1952-1959 7 608,988 2,024,244 18.7191953-1959 6 573,391 2,024,244 23.3961960-1969 9 2,541,429 6,840,566 11.6301970-1979 9 6,434,708 7,701,442 2.0171980-1989 9 7,884,879 11,853,769 4.6341990-1999 9 12,115,595 14,754,012 2.2131960-1989 29 2,541,429 11,853,769 5.4541960-1999 39 2,541,429 14,754,012 4.6131970-1989 19 6,434,708 11,853,769 3.2681970-1999 29 6,434,708 14,754,012 2.9031980-1999 19 7,884,879 14,754,012 3.3531990-1997 7 12,115,595 13,376,231 1.4241990-1998 8 12,115,595 13,435,288 1.3011996-1998 2 13,176,369 13,435,288 0.9781996-1999 3 13,176,369 14,754,012 3.8421997-1999 2 13,376,231 14,754,012 5.024______________________________________________________________________Average Annual Growth Rates for Federal Obligations for Basic Research,NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONPeriod Number Year 1 ($) Year 2 ($) Rate(Year 1-Year 2) of Years (thousands) (thousands) %1953-1959 6 12,333 235,613 63.5021960-1969 9 294,520 870,872 12.8021970-1979 9 818,500 1,346,905 5.6901980-1989 9 1,375,246 1,747,125 2.6951990-1998 8 1,702,926 1,897,018 1.3581996-1998 2 1,824,795 1,897,018 1.960__________________________________________________________________________________Average Annual Growth Rates for Federal Obligations for Basic Research,NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION and NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTHPeriod Number NIH NIH Rate NSF NSF Rate(Year 1- of Yrs Year 1 ($) Year 2 ($) % Year 1 ($) Year 2 ($) %Year 2) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) (thousands) 1970-1979 9 1,481,363 2,685,694 6.834 816,590 1,345,422 5.7051980-1989 9 2,769,546 4,533,889 5.629 1,374,783 1,747,907 2.7041990-1998 8 4,572,640 6,038,349 3.537 1,702,013 1,850,737 1.053__________________________________________________________________________________

Data compiled by

Samuel M. Rankin, III

Director, AMS Washington Office

tel: 202-588-1100

email: smr@ams.org

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