AMS Sponsors Exhibit on Capitol Hill
The AMS sponsored an exhibit at the 22nd annual Coalition for National Science Funding (CNSF) Exhibition & Reception on Capitol Hill held on April 26, 2016. Konstantina Trivisa, University of Maryland, presented her work “On the Movement of Cells, Birds, Fish and Other Agents: Mathematical Modeling in Biology and Ecology.”
Nature and biological systems offer many examples of collective self-organized behavior: ants build colonies, birds fly in flocks, fish swim in schools. Bacteria can behave either as individual single-cell organisms or as multicellular populations. Bacteria exhibit this behavior by chemically "talking" to one another through a process called quorum sensing. Using principles of self-organized dynamics, the work of Prof. Trivisa, in collaboration with the lab of W. Bentley at the University of Maryland and the Ph.D. student H. Ueda, have constructed a new model of Cucker-Smale-type that exhibits such behavior. Quorum sensing involves the production, release and community-wide sensing of molecules called autoinducers that modulate gene expression and ultimately bacterial behavior in response to the density of a bacterial population. The phenomenon of bioluminescence (the production and emission of light by a living organism which occurs widely in marine life) and the construction of antibiotics and proteins are intimately connected to this process. When the number of particles is sufficiently large, it is not economical to keep track of the motion of each particle through a particle system. Instead, one is forced to study the mean field limit of the particle system introducing a kinetic description for flocking analogous to Vlasov equation in plasma and astrophysics. By taking into consideration random effects, this kinetic description yields in certain regimes a macroscopic description governed by Euler-type systems, which are in general more cost-effective for computational purposes.
One of the goals of Trivisa’s research is the construction of numerical algorithms for the approximation of such systems which govern the motion of cells. Numerical algorithms complement the analysis and inform the experiments providing valuable insight on the evolution of cells. Such numerical algorithms have been constructed by Trivisa (in collaboration with Weber) providing information on the effect of drug application on cancerous cells and tumor growth. This research which aims at the prediction of cancer progression based on imaging analysis is in collaboration with S. Lockett and B. Kinders at the National Cancer Institute. Similar analysis is currently under way in the context of models exhibiting quorum sensing.
The CNSF Exhibition was attended by over 250 people viewing 35 exhibits. Professor Trivisa and the other exhibitors were able to present their work, funded by the National Science Foundation, and explain the critical importance of increased, sustained federal investments in basic scientific research.
CNSF is an alliance of over 130 professional societies, universities and corporations united by a concern for the future vitality of the national science, mathematics and engineering enterprise. CNSF supports the goal of increasing the national investment in the National Science Foundation's research and education programs. The coalition is co-chaired by Samuel M. Rankin, III, Associate Executive Director of the AMS and the Director of its Washington Office.
Previous AMS exhibits at CNSF Exhibitions include:
- Mathematical Algorithms for Space Weather, Tsunamis, and Plasma Physics presented by Prof. Katharine Gurski, Howard University
- Topological Sensor Networks presented by Robert Ghrist, University of Pennsylvania
- The Boltzman Equation: Where Mathematics and Science Collide presented by Philip T. Gressman, University of Pennsylvania
- ICERM: Connecting Mathematics and Computing through Experimentation presented by Jill Pipher and Lauren Barrows, ICERM
- Efficient Energy Conversion: Mathematics of Nanoscale Networks presented by Keith Promislow, Michigan State University
- Industrial Modeling and Simulation: The Wave of the Future presented by Susan Minkoff, University of Maryland-Baltimore County
- Modeling Outbreaks in Agricultural Systems, Human Communities and Computer Networks presented by David Hiebeler, University of Maine
Mathematics and Cardiology: Partners for the Future presented by Suncica Canic, University of Houston
Computational Models for Cardiovascular Disease Assessment and Surgery Design presented by DalinTang, Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI)
Disease Prediction and Treatment Design presented by Eva K. Lee, Georgia Institute of Technology
Mathematics for Advanced Composites Technology presented by Robert Lipton, Louisiana State University
Mathematical Modeling of Swimming Organisms presented by Lisa Fauci and Nick Cogan, Tulane University
Mathematics of Sea Ice presented by Kenneth M. Golden, University of Utah
Liquid Films and Image Inpainting presented by Andrea Bertozzi, Duke University
Undergraduate Research Opportunities Made Possible by NSF presented by Dr. John Bush, MIT
Computer Simulation of Blood Flow in the Heart presented by Charles S. Peskin, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University
Mathematical Foundations of Image Analysis and Computational Vision presented by Don McClure, Brown University
Ergodic Theory presented by Doug Lind, University of Washington
The Energy of Knots presented with JPBM by Jonathan K. Simon, University of Iowa and Gregory R. Buck, Saint Anselm College
For information on the annual CNSF Exhibition & Reception, please visit the CNSF website.