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 Names of the Most Commonly used Apportionment Methods

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Hamilton's Method

otherwise known as:

Largest remainders

Vinton (Samuel F. Vinton was a member of the House of Representatives from Ohio in the middle of the 19th century.)

Jefferson's Method

otherwise known as:

Greatest divisors

d'Hondt (Victor d'Hondt was a Belgian lawyer who lived in the 19th century.)

Webster's Method

otherwise known as:

Major fractions


Equal Proportions

otherwise known as:

Huntington's method

Hill's method

Huntington-Hill's method

Geoemtric mean

Dean's Method (James Dean (not the movie actor!) was a mathematics professor at the University of Vermont)

otherwise known as:

Harmonic mean

Adams Method

otherwise known as:

Smallest divisors
  1. Apportionment Systems
  2. Fairness and Apportionment
  3. Balinski and Young's Contribution
  4. Where to Next?
  5. References

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American Mathematical Society