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April 11, 1975 Minutes of the Council The Council met on April ll, 1975 at 5:00 PM in the Champagne Room of Stan Louis and Biggie's St. Louis Hilton Inn. Those members present were Robert G. Bartle, Hyman Bass, Paul Bateman, Lipman Bers, W. Wistar Comfort, Charles W. Curtis, Chandler Davis, Richard R. Goldberg, Michael Golomb, Mary Gray, Judy Green, Robion Kirby, Lee Lorch, Saunders Mac Lane, Richard K. Miller, Karl Norton, Franklin Peterson, Everett Pitcher, Daniel Stroock, Alexandra Ionescu Tulcea, Hans Weinberger, and J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr. Others present with the privilege of the floor were Meyer Jerison, Paul Mostert, William H. Pell, Emery Thomas, and Karen Uhlenbeck. Also present were Sue Broulliette, L. Durst, R. Hahn and G. L. Walker. President Bers was in the chair. The minutes of January 22, 1975 had been distributed by mail. The Secretary noted that they should be corrected at the top of p. 3. The second sentence in the first paragraph, lines 2-5, should be altered as noted in italics to read: It contains a statement of principles, with alternatives, and a proposal MADE IN A LETTER FROM PROFESSOR EDWIN E. MOISE TO THE COMMITTEE AND headed Proposal: Reduced Rates For All Foreign Mathematicians. The point to the correction is that Prof. Mosie was not a member of the Committee and did not participate in the deliberations concerning the merit of his proposal versus the statements of principle formulated by the Committee. The minutes as corrected were approved. The Committee on Teaching Loads and Class Size submitted the attached report, under the attached covering letter from its chairman, George Piranian. The report as a whole was presented by Prof. Meyer Jerison, a member of the Committee. It was proposed to consider the report by sections, beginning with Section l, particularly as there was to be a minority report concerning Section 2. It was moved to endorse Section l. By agreement there were two changes made in the text prior to the Council vote. The following sentences, offered by Charles Curtis, were added to the third paragraph. There is in many institutions a tradition of teaching elementary mathematics in small classes. A change from small sections to large lectures tends to be an irreversible step. Before supplementing the approach of teaching in small sections by lecture-discussion sections, administrators are urged to weigh carefully the educational merits of the two methods of instruction as they apply to their own institution. To the last sentence of the first paragraph were added the words: and diminishing scientific activities. With these alterations, Section l was adopted by the Council. In the consideration of adopting Section 2, Prof. Hans Weinberger moved to strike the second sentence but the motion lost. Then Prof. Jerison as a minority of one presented his report on Section 2, substantially as noted in the covering letter from Piranian, and moved to delete Section 2. The motion lost and the Council endorsed Section 2. Section 3 was endorsed. Section 4 was deleted. Section 5 was amended at the suggestion of Prof. Curtis by the addition of the words "and class sizes" to the first sentence, which was also altered editorially to being "the Council is establishing ..." Section 5 was then endorsed. The complete text as amended and endorsed is attached. The Committee was discharged with thanks. The Committee on NOTICES Editorial Policy presented the attached report. After considerable discussion, the Council approved the report except for the portions describing the selections of the Board. Moreover, they noted that the authority assigned to the Board in the report contradicts the bylaws and established an interim consulting committee. The changes were described rather than prescribed, so that the Secretary has prepared a text of the critical paragraph as follows: There shall be an interim consulting committee to advise the editors of the NOTICES. It shall consist of eight members, six appointed by the President, together with the Secretary, ex officio and voting, and the Executive Director, ex officio and not voting. The committee may be expected to leave the matters concerning abstracts and announcements to the Editors but to consider other material such as articles, letters, or potentially controversial advertisements by mail ballot, with recommendations to the Editors by majority vote. The Council agreed that the establishment of an Editorial Board should await amendment of the Bylaws and that its mode of selection should await the report of the Committee on Committees. The Secretary proposed the following amendment to Article XI, Section 2, of the Bylaws, with a deletion in brackets and an addition in italics. The editorial management of the NOTICES shall be in the hands of a committee [consisting of the, executive director and the secretary] CHOSEN IN A MANNER ESTABLISHED BY THE COUNCIL. The Council passed the amendment and agreed to refer it to a Business Meeting for its approval. Professor W. Norman Smith, Chairman of the Joint Committee on Employment Opportunities commented by letter on the following statement that appears in the journal Employment Information for Mathematicians: TITLE VII, U.S. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964. All employers in the United States are required to abide by the requirements of Title VII of the Civil Rights Acts of l964, announcing a national policy of equal employment opportunity in private employment, without discrimination because of private employment, without discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. All institutions listing positions in this publication have signed a statement indi- cating that they abide with the spirit of this law whether or not they are legally bound to do so. His comments are as follows: The second sentence of this statement has caused some problems, leading to delay, expense and some unhappiness in the case of foreign institutions who resent being asked to sign a statement that they abide with a spirit of a U.S. law. The more we considered this sentence, the more convinced we became that it represented a restriction on the right of access to job information for our applicants. Accordingly, we drafted the following statement to replace the present paragraph. NON-DISCRIMINATION All employers in the U.S. are required to abide by the requirement of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of l964, announcing a national policy of equal employment opportunity in private employment, without discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. All U.S. listings are accepted with the understanding that the employer complies with federal requirements. Applicants should be aware that institutions outside the U.S. may not be legally bound to conform to these or similar requirements. Applicants are advised to inform themselves of conditions that may exist at the institutions to which they apply. There was a motion to publish the statement titled NON-DISCRIMINATION in each issue of EIM. [See the note of the Secretary, occurring later.] The Council dissolved into committee of the whole for discussion. Upon reconvening the Council, the President appointed a committee consisting of Bass, Peterson, and Gray to draft another statement. At a later point in the meeting, the committee reported. They suggested that each potential employer be presented with a statement reading: Employment at (institution) is offered without discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin. There were two subsidiary proposals. The first was that only those who sign the statement be allowed to list positions and that the front material in EIM state that each employer has signed the statement. The second, was that only those who sign or decline in writing to sign be allowed to list positions and that the front material contain the statement that each employer has signed or declined to sign and contain lists of the signers and the decliners. In committee of the whole, both the statement and the second subsidiary proposal were approved. On reconvening, the Council divided the question of the statement from the disposition of nonsigners at the request of Prof. Lorch and approved the text of the statement and the requirement that it be signed or declined. Then Prof. Lorch moved that nonsigners not be permitted to list positions. The motion lost. Then the listing of signers and of decliners along with the statement was approved. The following resolution proposed by the Joint Committee on Employment Opportunities was presented by Prof. Curtis, a member of the Committee on the Emergency Employment Situation in Mathematics, which was also concerned with the employment problems encountered by the Committee on Employment Opportunites. The organization cooperating in the publication of EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION FOR MATHEMATICIANS adopt the following principles of employment procedures, to accompany the use of EIM: 1. Employers are expected to include closing dates in all listings insofar as possible. The understanding would be that applicants who complete their files by the closing date are assured of consideration for the position listed. 2. Employers are expected to give candidates for positions a reasonable time to respond to offers. 3. Prospective employers are urged to make their listings as specific as possible, as to field of specialization, experience, etc. In addition, the committee decided to add closing dates to the list of items which employers are requested to consider including in their resumes, and to notify the sponsoring organizations that it has done so. There were two editorial alterations in the text in item 3. The word "specific" was replaced by "informative" and the word "field" by "fields". With these changes, the resolution was endorsed. [The Secretary notes that both of these resolutions with respect to EIM require approval from the MAA in order to be effective since EIM is published by AMS for the Math. Sciences Employment Register, which is a joint venture. The statement on non-discrimination currently used was endorsed initially by the AMS Executive Committee and the MAA Executive and Finance Committee. The resolution on procedures is made in the name of the cooporating organizations and in edited form was endorsed by the Society.] The Council adjourned from 6:30 PM until 8:00 PM at which point it convened in executive session. The candidate for the Wiener Prize advanced by the AMS-SIAM selection committee was approved for the Society. The Nominating Committee offered a partial report, consisting of the following names: Vice President (two to be elected) Stephen C. Kleene Louis Nirenberg Max M. Schiffer George D. Mostow Member at Large (five to be elected) Joan S. Birman Edwin E. Floyd Guido L. Weiss William K. Allard Barry Simon Hugo Rossi Joachim Lambek The Council nominated these persons as candidates. The Committee proposed as usual there be at least 10 names on the ballot for the position of member-at large and proposed to offer additional names to the Council if the number by petition did not bring the total to at least 10. Professor Judy Green proposed the following motion: The Council directs the Joint Committee on Women to prepare recommendations concerning procedures to be used by mathematics departments in implementing affirmative action programs. In committee of the whole, the wording was revised to read: The Council authorizes the President to appoint a COMMITTEE to prepare recommendations concerning procedures to be used by mathematics departments in IMPLEMENTING AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAMS. In revised form the motion was passed. The Council returned to open session. The chairman of the Committee on Committees, Prof. Emery Thomas, pre- sented a report on a special task assigned to the Committee, namely to consider the nomination procedure for President-Elect and Trustee, particularly nomination by petition. The report, consisting of a covering letter, six pages of the report proper, and ll pages of letters, is attached. It was noted that the vote in the Committee with respect to President Elect was 2 in favor of opening it to nomination by petition and 7 opposed with respect to Trustee was l in favor and 8 opposed. A motion that the mode of election of President Elect and of Trustee be unchanged was passed. The President thanked the committee for this special report. Prof. Paul Moster, Chairman of the Committee on Academic Freedom, Tenure, and Employment Security, presented the attached progress report. In the course of the discussion it was suggested that the Committee be merged with the Committee on Legal Aid, inasmuch as the duties overlap and the former has a bulky job while the latter does not. The Committee of Scientific Society Presidents is seeking financial support from the societies of its member presidents, as described in the attached letter from its Secretary, R.S. Rivlin. The Council recommended to the Trustees that support for l975 be allocated, not to exceed $500. The second recommendation was negative and no action was required in order to follow it. The Council voted to make the Committee on Postdoctoral Fellowships be a standing committee with rotating memberships. The Special Commitee on Graduate Education presented the attached report. The Secretary moved that the Council recommend that the Society take steps to enter into an agreement with the CNR (Centro Nazionale delle Ricerche) and the UMI (Unione Matematica Italiana) which will allow for the graduate education in the U.S. of some 10-20 Italian students annually. The motion was passed. The Committee was discharged with thanks. The President interpreted the motion to mean that he should appoint an operating committee. Prof. Judy Green introduced a recommendation from the Committee on the Emergency Employment Situation in Mathemtaics as follows: The Committee on emergency Employment recommends to the Council of the AMS that the AMS agree to serve as the Institutional Affiliate for mathematicians in need of such affiliation who want to apply for research grants, and that the AMS publicize this service. The Chairman of the Committee, Prof. Curtis, noted that he did not yet have full concurrence of the membership of the Committee on the minutes of the meeting at which the Committee formulated the recommendation. The Council did consider the recommendation and did pass a resolution that the Society should serve as the Institutional Affiliate for mathematicians in need of such a affiliation who want to apply for research grants, and that the AMS publicize this service. It is recorded that Saunders MacLane was not in the chamber during the considertion of the preceding motion. Prof. Lorch questioned whether there was as piece of unfinished business with respect to a motion dealing with discriminatory practices introduced at the the meeting of October 25, 1974. It was agreed that a recent position of the Joint Committee on Places of Meetings was relevant and would appear. It was reported to the Council that Prof. Galo Gomes is no longer in Chile. The explanation was offered that he was formerly in a political prison colony and is now exiled. It was reported that Leonid Plyushch continues to be confined in a mental hospital in a state of very poor health. President Bers had written the attached letter to Ambassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin inquiring about Plyushch but no reply was received. The President proposed that he be authorized to appoint a Committee on Principles and Procedures to be followed by the Society in taking positions on political and quasi-political matters. His presentation is contained in the attached letter to the Council. The Council authorized him to appoint such a committee. The audited report of the Treasurer was received. The Secretary read the attached letter from Prof. William A. Small and wondered about the propriety of publishing it. There did not appear to be strong objection, but the question was not settled. The Secretary proposed the following resolution of thanks: The Council of the AMS at its meeting of April ll, 1975 in St. Louis takes special note of the 25th anniversary of the founding of the National Science Foundation. The Council expresses satisfaction and appreciation to the Foundation for its contributions to the development of mathematics, in particular for the programs of graduate fellowships and traineeships and of science faculty and postdoctoral fellowships. Special thanks are due for the grants in support of research and for the support of symposia and institutes at all levels. The Council passed the resolution and instructed the Secretary to publish the resolution in public accounts of its actions and to convey it to the Chairman of the National Science Board and to the Director of the Foundation. It was noted that Prof. J. M. Thomas had distributed the attached printed circular to a number of people. In response, the Secretary received several requests that quote or paraphrase item (2) of the attachment, requesting an "investigation of the practices of Edition, Refereeing and Reviewing, with the ultimate publication of a manual of recommendations for the guidance of all concerned." Past President Saunders Mac Lane received such a request and wrote a background letter to President Bers, with copy to the Secretary for attachment to the minutes. In it he recommended that the Council not undertake the proposed investigation. The Council noted these matters. They further noted that there already exist a manual for editors and instructions for referees and for reviews. They agreed to take no action. Prof. Deane Montogomery, Atle Selberg, and Andre Weil, two at least being members of the Society, request in the attached letter that a letter of inquiry about the status of the mathematician I.I. Piatetski-Shapiro be dispatched. A letter from Montgomery and Weil to Senator Jackson containing background information is attached. A letter of recent information from Montgomery, Selberg, and Weil to President Bers, which had just arrived, was read to the Council: We wrote to Prof. Pitcher a few weeks ago concerning Piatetski-Shapiro. Recently new and discouraging information has been received. In October he was formally charged with being unemployed, and the relevant file to this effect was completed. This document makes it possible to begin trial at any time. The law of unemployment under which he was charged usually carries a penalty of exile from Moscow for several years with forced labor. The situation is deteriorating and the possibility that he will be tried is constantly increasing. The President, on passage of a motion from Prof. Curtis, was authorized to write a letter of inquiry to appropriate persons in the USSR concerning Prof. Piatetski-Shapiro, to undertake further actions carrying the authority of the Society in trying to get him out of the Soviet Union, and to offer the strong support of the Council for any proposed invitations to lecture or participate in mathematical activities in the United States. In the discussion, it had been clarified that the President offered to consult the EC about his actions and that eh motion in no sense suggested any restriction of the freedom of choice to Piatetski-Shaprio to emigrate wherever he wished. Dr. Karl K. Norton proposed the following motion: The Council recommends to the Board of Trustees that unemployed members of the Society be permitted to purchase any publication of the Society (including journals) at a rate not to exceed 50% of the ordinary member's price. He further stated "I believe that this motion is consistent with the present policy of reducing membership dues for unemployed members. I hope that the motion, if approved, will make it easier for unemployed mathematicians to maintain their knowledge of the subject and stay active in research." At the request of the Secretary, the Executive Director examined the financial and administrative aspects of the proposal. A page of his comments are attached. One point is quoted here: "If special discounts are to be made for unemployed (and for student) members, a decision must be made about who will cover the deficit. As you know, our books and journals are priced to break even... The question here is one of principle: Whether the proposed discounts should be treated in such a way that they exert pressure to raise prices and subscription rates on the one hand, or pressure to raise dues on the other." The motion passed. Prof. Judy Green proposed the following item: There is evidence that the editors of at least one prominent journal have adopted a policy of holding authors individually responsible for page charges and discriminating against those who cannot pay them. The Council should consider the likely impact of this practice on the research of mathematicians who are unemployed or whose employing institutions are not willing to accept responsibility for page charges. There was discussion but no formal motion. It seemed to be agreed that were there to be a specific instance of an attempt to enforce such a policy, it could be brought to the attention of the President, who could protest by letter. The following Letter to the Editor from F.G. Asenjo appeared in the NOTICES for February l975: Last year I wrote to AMS officials suggesting that the BULLETIN, the PROCEEDINGS, and the TRANSACTIONS, be merged into a single monthly journal with each issue devoted exclusively to one specific area of mathematics-logic, algebra, topology, etc. AMS members would then have the option of choosing two issues of the journal free of charge, paying extra for any additional issues they might wish to order. This arrangement would reduce publication costs and at the same time provide more rewarding service to members. It is a delusion to think that we can keep abreast of developments in all mathematical areas by publishing comprehensive mathematical journals. The era of such an approach is gone forever. Let us face it, the amount of material that an individual reader finds interesting or at least readable, let alone usable, in each comprehensive journal is minimal. As an alternative proposal last year, just in case the AMS administration were to find it impossible to adandon a format that has been operative for so long, I also suggested that members might at least be allowed to choose between receiving a subscription to the BULLETIN or receiving instead two sections of the MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS that are now offered separately at extra cost. Personally, I would rather have reviews of papers in my own and related fields than most of the articles in the BULLETIN. My suggestions drew courteous responses from AMS officers in which I was told that in the past proposals such as mine had been considered and rejected, that the matter had been raised at the l974 Council meeting and no action taken "which effectively means that the Council did not want to may any changes in t he status quo." Why? Is this the creeping effect of bureaucracy's traditionalism? I have discussed my suggestions with a substantial number of colleagues in my own and other universities and have encountered widespread enthusiasm. I wish, therefore, to invite members of the AMS who find themselves in agreement with either of the changes described here to write individually or collectively to Society officials requesting a poll of the membership on the issue. If actually there is a majority in favor of either change it would not be proper of the AMS administration to ignore such sentiment. The two proposals have been considered by Society committees and so far have not been recommended. The Secretary has received a few support letters. The Executive Director has analyzed the marginal cost of journals and the loss to the Society connected with a member who drops the BULLETIN and selects a journal to which he does not now subscribe or to which he already subscribes. His report is attached. President Bers requested the Editorial Committee of the BULLETIN to re-examine the procedure for handling Research Announcements and to report at the next meeting. The current procedure contains the sentence " A limited number of research announcements may be communicated by each member of the Council who is also a member of a Society editorial committee." In practice, the number is six and it was suggested that this be specifically stated. President Bers wrote the attached letter to the Director of the National Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences in Pretoria and received the attached reply. The change of procedure to BLIND REFEREEING was communicated to the Associate Editors of the PROCEEDINGS of the Chairman of the Editorial Committee. The response of one of the Associate Editors, Norman Blackburn, distributed with his permission, is attached for the Council, who voted the change. The letter of resignation of Peter L.Duren, with his comments on blind refereeing is attached, also. The Council was informed that in accord with a request from this Council, the AAAS Council of January 3l, l975, passed the following resolution: BE IT RESOLVED that the Council of the American Association for the Advancement of Science urges the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION to reinstate its postdoctoral fellowship program. The point was made in a recent meeting of this Council that it might be illegal to publish in EIM a listing of a position at the University of Rhodesia. The argument was that Rhodesia is under "sanction" by the UN and the U.S. adheres to the UN. The Secretary, accordingly, consulted the attorneys for the Society and has been assured that this is not the case. The complete opinion is attached. At the request of Prof. A.H. Lachlan, Chairman of the Editoral Committee of the TRANSACTIONS and MEMOIRS, the attached letter on editorial standards is distributed. The Council adjourned at midnight. Everett Pitcher, Secretary April 11, 1975