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# Subset currents on surfaces

### About this Title

**Dounnu Sasaki**

Publication: Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society

Publication Year:
2022; Volume 278, Number 1368

ISBNs: 978-1-4704-5343-5 (print); 978-1-4704-7168-2 (online)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/memo/1368

Published electronically: May 23, 2022

Keywords: Subset current,
Geodesic current,
Hyperbolic surface,
Intersection number,
Surface group,
Free group,
Hyperbolic group

### Table of Contents

**Chapters**

- 1. Introduction
- 2. Subset Currents on Hyperbolic Groups
- 3. Volume Functionals on Kleinian Groups
- 4. Subgroups, Inclusion Maps and Finite Index Extension
- 5. Intersection Number
- 6. Intersection Functional on Subset Currents
- 7. Projection from Subset Currents onto Geodesic Currents
- 8. Denseness Property of Rational Subset Currents

### Abstract

Subset currents on hyperbolic groups were introduced by Kapovich and Nagnibeda as a generalization of geodesic currents on hyperbolic groups, which were introduced by Bonahon and have been successfully studied in the case of the fundamental group $\pi _1 (\Sigma )$ of a compact hyperbolic surface $\Sigma$. Kapovich and Nagnibeda particularly studied subset currents on free groups. In this article, we develop the theory of subset currents on $\pi _1(\Sigma )$, which we call subset currents on $\Sigma$. We prove that the space $\mathrm {SC}(\Sigma )$ of subset currents on $\Sigma$ is a measure-theoretic completion of the set of conjugacy classes of non-trivial finitely generated subgroups of $\pi _1 (\Sigma )$, each of which geometrically corresponds to a convex core of a covering space of $\Sigma$. This result was proved by Kapovich-Nagnibeda in the case of free groups, and is also a generalization of Bonahon’s result on geodesic currents on hyperbolic groups. We will also generalize several other results of them. Especially, we extend the (geometric) intersection number of two closed geodesics on $\Sigma$ to the intersection number of two convex cores on $\Sigma$ and, in addition, to a continuous $\mathbb {R}_{\geq 0}$-bilinear functional on $\mathrm {SC}(\Sigma )$.- Anja Bankovic and Christopher J. Leininger,
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