## Mathematical typography

HTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

- by Donald E. Knuth PDF
- Bull. Amer. Math. Soc.
**1**(1979), 337-372

## References

- A. V. Aho, S. C. Johnson, and J. D. Ullman,
*Deterministic parsing of ambiguous grammars*, Comm. ACM**18**(1975), no. 8, 441–452. MR**0375843**, DOI 10.1145/360933.360969 - American Mathematical Society, Development of the Photon for efficient mathematical composition, Final report (May 10, 1965), National Science Foundation grant G-21913; NTIS number PB168627.
- American Mathematical Society, Development of computer aids for tape-control of photocomposing machines, Report No. 2 (July 1967), Extension of the system of preparing a computer-processed tape to include the setting of multiple line equations, National Science Foundation grant GN-533; NTIS number PB175939.
- American Mathematical Society, Development of computer aids for tape-control of photocomposing machines, Final report, Section B (August 1968), A system for computer-processed tape composition to include the setting of multiple line equations, National Science Foundation grant GN-533; NTIS number PB179418.
- American Mathematical Society, Development of computer aids for tape-control of photocomposing machines, Final report, Section C (January 1969), Implementation, hardware, and other systems, National Science Foundation grant GN-533; NTIS number PB182088.
- American Mathematical Society, To complete the study of computer aids for tape-control of composing machines by developing an operating system, Final report, no. AMATHS-CAIDS-71-0 (April 1971), National Science Foundation grant GN-690; NTIS number PB200892.
- American Physical Society, APS tests computer system for publising operations, Physics Today 30, 12 (December 1977), 75.
- Donald M. Anderson, Cresci and his capital alphabets, Visible Language 4 (1971), 331-352.
- J. Woodard Auble, Arithmetic for printers, second ed., Peoria, Ill., Bennett, 1954.
- Michael P. Barnett, Computer typesetting: Experiments and prospects, Cambridge, Mass., M.I.T. Press, 1965.
- Robert W. Bemer and A. Richard Shriver, Integrating computer text processing with photocomposition, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-16 (1973), 92-96. This article is reprinted with another typeface and page layout in Robert W. Bemer, The role of a computer in the publication of a primary journal, Proc. AFIPS Nat. Comput. Conf. 42, Part II (1973), M16-M20.
- Peter J. Boehm, Software and hardware considerations for a technical typesetting system, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-19 (1976), 15-19.
- J. A. Bondy,
*The “graph theory” of the Greek alphabet*, Graph theory and applications (Proc. Conf., Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo, Mich., 1972; dedicated to the memory of J. W. T. Youngs), Lecture Notes in Math., Vol. 303, Springer, Berlin, 1972, pp. 43–54. MR**0335362** - T. W. Chaundy, P. R. Barrett, and Charles Batey,
*The printing of mathematics. Aids for authors and editors and rules for compositors and readers at the University Press, Oxford*, Oxford University Press, London, 1954. MR**0062667** - P. J. M. Coueignoux, Generation of roman printed fonts, Ph. D. thesis, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, M.I.T., June, 1975.
- Giovanni Francesco Cresci Milanese, Essemplare de piv sorti lettere, Rome, 1560. Also edited and translated by Arthur Sidney Osley, London, 1968.
- T. L. De Vinne, The practice of typography: Modern Methods of book composition, New York, Oswald, 1914. 18. Albrecht Dürer, Underweysung der Messung mit dem Zirckel und Richtscheyt, Nuremberg, 1525. An English translation of the section on alphabets has been published as Albrecht Dürer, Of the just shaping of letters, R. T. Nichol, trans., Dover, 1965.
- Felice Feliciano Veronese, Alphabetum romanum, Giovanni Mardersteig, ed., Verona, Editiones Officinae Bodoni, 1960.
- Frederic W. Goudy, Typologia: Studies in type design and type making with comments on the invention of typography, the first types, legibility and fine printing, Berkeley, Calif., Univ. of California Press, 1940.
- F. Harary, Typographs, Visible Language 7 (1973), 199-208.
- Roar Hauglid, Randi Asker, Helen Engelstad, and Gunvor Traetteberg, Native art of Norway, Oslo, Dreyer, 1965.
- A. V. Hershey, Calligraphy for computers, NWL Report No. 2101, Dahlgren, Va., U. S. Naval Weapons Laboratory, August 1967; NTIS number AD662398. 24. André Jammes, La réforme de la typographie royale sous Louis XIV, Paris, Paul Jammes, 1961.
- Paul E. Justus, There is more to typesetting than setting type, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-15 (1972), 13-16.
- Alan C. Kay, Microelectronics and the personal computer, Scientific American 237, 3, September 1977, 230-244.
- Brian E. White,
*On optimal extreme-discrepancy point sets in the square*, Numer. Math.**27**(1976/77), no. 2, 157–164. MR**468180**, DOI 10.1007/BF01396635 - David Kindersley, Optical letter spacing for new printing systems, London, Wynkyn de Worde Society, 1976.
- Donald E. Knuth,
*Tau Epsilon Chi, a system for technical text*, American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 1979. Revised version of Stanford Computer Science report number STAN-CS-78-675. MR**537439** - Dorothy K. Korbuly, A new approach to coding displayed mathematics for photocomposition, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-18 (1975), 283-287.
- E. H. Lee and G. E. Forsythe,
*Variational study of nonlinear spline curves*, SIAM Rev.**15**(1973), 120–133. MR**331716**, DOI 10.1137/1015004 - M. E. Lesk and B. W. Kernighan, Computer typesetting of technical journals on UNIX, Computing Science Tech. Report 44, Murray Hill, N. J., Bell Laboratories, June, 1976.
- Giovanni Mardersteig, The alphabet of Francesco Torniello (1517) da Novara, Verona, Officini Bodoni, 1971.
- M. V. Mathews and Joan E. Miller, Computer editing, typesetting, and image generation, Proc. AFIPS Fall Joint Computer Conf. 27 (1965), 389-398.
- M. V. Mathews, Carol Lochbaum and Judith A. Moss, Three fonts of computer drawn letters, Communications of the ACM 10 (1967), 627-630.
- Even Mehlum,
*Nonlinear splines*, Computer aided geometric design (Proc. Conf., Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1974) Academic Press, New York, 1974, pp. 173–207. With an appendix by W. W. Meyer. MR**0371011** - A. W. Kenneth Metzner, Multiple use and other benefits of computerized publishing, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-18 (1975), 274-278.
- Joseph Moxon, Regulae trium ordinum literarum typographicarum, or the rules of the three orders of print letters: viz. the roman, italick, english capitals and small; Shewing how they are compounded of Geometrick Figures, and mostly made by Rule and Compass, London, Joseph Moxon, 1676.
- Phoebe J. Murdock, New alphabets and symbols for typesetting mathematics, Scholarly Publishing 8 (1976), 44-53. Reprinted in Notices Amer. Math. Soc. 24 (1977), 63-67.
- Nicholas Negroponte, Raster scan approaches to computer graphics, Computers and Graphics 2 (1977), 179-193.
- Wolfgang A. Ocker, A program to hyphenate English words, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-18 (1975), 78-84.
- Luca Pacioli, Divina Proportione, Opera a tutti glingegni perspicaci e curiosi necessaria Ove ciascun studioso di Philosophia, Propectiva, Pictura, Sculptura: Architecturo: Musice: altre Mathematice: suavissima: sottile: e admirable et doctrina consequira: e delectarassi: con varie questione de secretissima scientia (Venice, 1509).
- Giovanbattista Palatino Cittadino Romano, Libro primo del le lettere maiuscole antiche romane (unpublished), Berlin Kunstbibliothek, MS. OS5280. Some of the individual pages are dated 1543, 1546, 1549, 1574, or 1575. See James Wardrop, Civis romanus sum: Giovanbattista Palatino and his circle, Signature, n.s. 14 (1952), 3-39.
- Paul A. Parisi, Composition innovations of the American Society of Civil Engineers, IEEE Trans, on Prof. Commun. PC-18 (1975), 244-273.
- R. G. D. Richardson, The twenty-ninth annual meeting of the Society, Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 29 (1923), 97-116. (See also vol. 28 (1922) pp. 234-235, 378 for comments on the special Transactions volume, and pp. 2-3 of vol. 28 for discussion of deficits due to increased cost of printing).
- Glenn E. Roudabush, Charles R. T. Bacon, R. Bruce Briggs, James A. Fierst, Dale W. Isner and Hiroshi A. Noguni, The left hand of scholarship: Computer experiments with recorded text as a communication media, Proc. AFIPS Fall Joint Computer Conf. 27 (1965), 399-411.
- Ellen Swanson,
*Mathematics into type*, Revised edition, American Mathematical Society, Providence, R.I., 1979. Copy editing and proofreading of mathematics for editorial assistants and authors. MR**553111** - Francesco Torniello, Opera del modo de fare le littere mauiscuole antique, Milan, Italy, 1517.
- Geofroy Tory, Champ fleury, Paris, 1529. Also translated into English and annotated by George B. Ives, New York, Grolier Club, 1927. 50. Karel Wick, Rules for typesetting mathematics, translated by V. Boublik and M. Hejlová, The Hague, Mouton, 1965.
- Hermann Zapf, About alphabets: some marginal notes on type design, Cambridge, Mass., M.I.T. Press, 1970.

## Additional Information

- Journal: Bull. Amer. Math. Soc.
**1**(1979), 337-372 - DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0273-0979-1979-14598-1
- MathSciNet review: 520078