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Journal of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society, the Journal of the American Mathematical Society (JAMS) is devoted to research articles of the highest quality in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6834 (online) ISSN 0894-0347 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Journal of the American Mathematical Society is 4.79.

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Error estimates and convergence rates for the stochastic homogenization of Hamilton-Jacobi equations
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by Scott N. Armstrong, Pierre Cardaliaguet and Panagiotis E. Souganidis PDF
J. Amer. Math. Soc. 27 (2014), 479-540 Request permission

Abstract:

We present exponential error estimates and demonstrate an algebraic convergence rate for the homogenization of level-set convex Hamilton-Jacobi equations in i.i.d. random environments, the first quantitative homogenization results for these equations in the stochastic setting. By taking advantage of a connection between the metric approach to homogenization and the theory of first-passage percolation, we obtain estimates on the fluctuations of the solutions to the approximate cell problem in the ballistic regime (away from the flat spot of the effective Hamiltonian). In the sub-ballistic regime (on the flat spot), we show that the fluctuations are governed by an entirely different mechanism and the homogenization may proceed, without further assumptions, at an arbitrarily slow rate. We identify a necessary and sufficient condition on the law of the Hamiltonian for an algebraic rate of convergence to hold in the sub-ballistic regime and show, under this hypothesis, that the two rates may be merged to yield comprehensive error estimates and an algebraic rate of convergence for homogenization.

Our methods are novel and quite different from the techniques employed in the periodic setting, although we benefit from previous works in both first-passage percolation and homogenization. The link between the rate of homogenization and the flat spot of the effective Hamiltonian, which is related to the nonexistence of correctors, is a purely random phenomenon observed here for the first time.

References
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Additional Information
  • Scott N. Armstrong
  • Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 480 Lincoln Drive, Madison, Wisconsin 53706
  • Email: armstron@math.wisc.edu
  • Pierre Cardaliaguet
  • Affiliation: Ceremade (UMR CNRS 7534), Université Paris-Dauphine, Place du Maréchal De Lattre De Tassigny, 75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France
  • MR Author ID: 323521
  • Email: cardaliaguet@ceremade.dauphine.fr
  • Panagiotis E. Souganidis
  • Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, The University of Chicago, 5734 S. University Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60637
  • Email: souganidis@math.uchicago.edu
  • Received by editor(s): June 13, 2012
  • Received by editor(s) in revised form: July 4, 2013
  • Published electronically: January 27, 2014
  • Additional Notes: The first author was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS-1004645.
    The second author was partially supported by the French National Research Agency ANR-12-BS01-0008-01.
    The third author was partially supported by NSF Grant DMS-0901802.
  • © Copyright 2014 American Mathematical Society
    The copyright for this article reverts to public domain 28 years after publication.
  • Journal: J. Amer. Math. Soc. 27 (2014), 479-540
  • MSC (2010): Primary 35B27, 35F21, 60K35
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0894-0347-2014-00783-9
  • MathSciNet review: 3164987