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Classification of the maximal subalgebras of exceptional Lie algebras over fields of good characteristic


Authors: Alexander Premet and David I. Stewart
Journal: J. Amer. Math. Soc. 32 (2019), 965-1008
MSC (2010): Primary 17B45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/jams/926
Published electronically: July 19, 2019
MathSciNet review: 4013738
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Abstract: Let $G$ be an exceptional simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ and suppose that $p={\operatorname {char}}(k)$ is a good prime for $G$. In this paper we classify the maximal Lie subalgebras $\mathfrak {m}$ of the Lie algebra $\mathfrak {g}=\operatorname {Lie}(G)$. Specifically, we show that either $\mathfrak {m}=\operatorname {Lie}(M)$ for some maximal connected subgroup $M$ of $G$, or $\mathfrak {m}$ is a maximal Witt subalgebra of $\mathfrak {g}$, or $\mathfrak {m}$ is a maximal exotic semidirect product. The conjugacy classes of maximal connected subgroups of $G$ are known thanks to the work of Seitz, Testerman, and Liebeck–Seitz. All maximal Witt subalgebras of $\mathfrak {g}$ are $G$-conjugate and they occur when $G$ is not of type ${\mathrm {E}}_6$ and $p-1$ coincides with the Coxeter number of $G$. We show that there are two conjugacy classes of maximal exotic semidirect products in $\mathfrak {g}$, one in characteristic $5$ and one in characteristic $7$, and both occur when $G$ is a group of type ${\mathrm {E}}_7$.


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Additional Information

Alexander Premet
Affiliation: School of Mathematics, The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, M13 9PL, United Kingdom
MR Author ID: 190461
Email: alexander.premet@manchester.ac.uk

David I. Stewart
Affiliation: University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
MR Author ID: 884527
Email: david.stewart@ncl.ac.uk

Received by editor(s): December 4, 2017
Received by editor(s) in revised form: March 18, 2019
Published electronically: July 19, 2019
Article copyright: © Copyright 2019 American Mathematical Society