# Mathematics of Computation

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1960 (published as Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation 1943-1959), Mathematics of Computation is devoted to research articles of the highest quality in computational mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6842 (online) ISSN 0025-5718 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Mathematics of Computation is 1.78.

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## Convergence analysis of a fully discrete finite difference scheme for the Cahn-Hilliard-Hele-Shaw equationHTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

by Wenbin Chen, Yuan Liu, Cheng Wang and Steven M. Wise
Math. Comp. 85 (2016), 2231-2257 Request permission

## Abstract:

We present an error analysis for an unconditionally energy stable, fully discrete finite difference scheme for the Cahn-Hilliard-Hele-Shaw equation, a modified Cahn-Hilliard equation coupled with the Darcy flow law. The scheme, proposed by S. M. Wise, is based on the idea of convex splitting. In this paper, we rigorously prove first order convergence in time and second order convergence in space. Instead of the (discrete) $L_s^\infty (0,T;L_h^2) \cap L_s^2 (0,T; H_h^2)$ error estimate, which would represent the typical approach, we provide a discrete $L_s^\infty (0,T; H_h^1) \cap L_s^2 (0,T; H_h^3 )$ error estimate for the phase variable, which allows us to treat the nonlinear convection term in a straightforward way. Our convergence is unconditional in the sense that the time step $s$ is in no way constrained by the mesh spacing $h$. This is accomplished with the help of an $L_s^2 (0,T;H_h^3)$ bound of the numerical approximation of the phase variable. To facilitate both the stability and convergence analyses, we establish a finite difference analog of a Gagliardo-Nirenberg type inequality.
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• Wenbin Chen
• Affiliation: Shanghai Key Laboratory for Contemporary Applied Mathematics, School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China 200433
• Email: wbchen@fudan.edu.cn
• Yuan Liu
• Affiliation: School of Mathematical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China 200433
• Email: 12110180072@fudan.edu.cn
• Cheng Wang
• Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University of Massachusetts, North Dartmouth, Massachusetts 02747
• MR Author ID: 652762
• Email: cwang1@umassd.edu
• Steven M. Wise
• Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996
• MR Author ID: 615795
• ORCID: 0000-0003-3824-2075
• Email: swise1@utk.edu
• Received by editor(s): March 24, 2014
• Received by editor(s) in revised form: November 19, 2014, and February 23, 2015
• Published electronically: December 14, 2015
• Additional Notes: The third author is the corresponding author