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Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

ISSN 1088-6826(online) ISSN 0002-9939(print)



On polynomials satisfying a Turán type inequality

Authors: George Csordas and Jack Williamson
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 43 (1974), 367-372
MSC: Primary 33A70
MathSciNet review: 0338487
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Abstract: For Legendre polynomials $ {P_n}(x)$, P. Turán has established the inequality

$\displaystyle {\Delta _n}(x) = P_n^2(x) - {P_{n + 1}}(x){P_{n - 1}}(x) \geqq 0,\quad - 1 \leqq x \leqq 1,n \geqq 1,$

with equality only for $ x = \pm 1$. This inequality has generated considerable interest, and analogous inequalities have been extended to various classes of polynomials: ultraspherical, Laguerre, Hermite, and a class of Jacobi polynomials. Our purpose here is to determine necessary and sufficient conditions for a general class of polynomials to satisfy a Turán type inequality and to characterize the generating functions of such a class.

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Keywords: Inequality, Turán type inequality, real, simple zeros, generating functions, entire functions
Article copyright: © Copyright 1974 American Mathematical Society