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Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1950, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society is devoted to shorter research articles in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6826 (online) ISSN 0002-9939 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society is 0.85.

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Certain averages on the $\textbf {a}$-adic numbers
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by Nakhlé H. Asmar and Radhakrishnan Nair PDF
Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 114 (1992), 21-28 Request permission


For ${L^p} \cap {L^2}$ functions $f$, with $p$ greater than one, defined on the ${\mathbf {a}}$-adic numbers ${\Omega _{\mathbf {a}}}$, we consider averages like \[ A_N^{\left ( 1 \right )}f\left ( {\mathbf {x}} \right ) = \frac {1}{N}\sum \limits _{n = 1}^N {f\left ( {{\mathbf {x}} + {n^2}\alpha } \right ),{\text { and }}A_N^{\left ( 2 \right )}f\left ( {\mathbf {x}} \right ) = \frac {1}{N}\sum \limits _{n = 1}^N {f\left ( {{\mathbf {x}} + {p_n}\alpha } \right ),} } \] where ${\mathbf {x}}$ and $\alpha$ are in ${\Omega _{\mathbf {a}}}$. Here ${p_n}$ denotes the $n$th prime. These averages are known to converge for almost all ${\mathbf {x}}$. We describe explicitly these limits, which possibly contrary to expectation, turn out in general not to be the integral of $f$.
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Additional Information
  • © Copyright 1992 American Mathematical Society
  • Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 114 (1992), 21-28
  • MSC: Primary 11K41; Secondary 11K55, 22D40, 28D99, 47A35
  • DOI:
  • MathSciNet review: 1087460