# Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society, the Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society (PROC) is devoted to research articles of the highest quality in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6826 (online) ISSN 0002-9939 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society is 0.85.

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## The qualitative analysis of a dynamical system modeling the formation of two-layer scales on pure metalsHTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

by R. L. Baker
Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 123 (1995), 1373-1378 Request permission

## Abstract:

F. Gesmundo and F. Viani have modeled the growth rates of two-oxide scales by the system: $\frac {{d{q_1}}}{{dt}} = m\frac {{{K_1}}}{{2{q_1}}} - \frac {{m - 1}}{m} \frac {{{K_2}}}{{2{q_2}}},\qquad \frac {{d{q_2}}}{{dt}} = - m\frac {{{K_1}}}{{2{q_1}}} + \frac {{{K_2}}}{{2{q_2}}}.$ We provide a complete qualitative analysis of (1.1) by making use of known results about the general n-dimensional dynamical system: $\frac {{d{p_i}}}{{dt}} = - \sum \limits _{j = 1}^n {\frac {{{a_{ij}}}}{{{p_j}}},\quad {p_i}(t) > 0,\qquad i = 1, \ldots ,n.}$ We show that for $m > 1$, the Gesmundo-Viani system admits a unique parabolic solution ${q_i}(t) = {c_i}\sqrt t ,{c_i} > 0$. This parabolic solution attracts all other solutions. Every solution extends uniquely to a solution on $[0, + \infty )$, such that the extended solution is eventually monotonically increasing. Finally, the trajectory of any solution coincides with a trajectory of the following linear system: $\frac {{d{q_1}}}{{dt}} = - \frac {{m - 1}}{m}{\mkern 1mu} \frac {{{K_2}}}{2}{q_1} + m\frac {{{K_2}}}{2}{q_2},\qquad \frac {{d{q_2}}}{{dt}} = \frac {{{K_2}}}{2}{q_1} + m\frac {{{K_1}}}{2}{q_2}.$
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