# Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1950, Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society is devoted to shorter research articles in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6826 (online) ISSN 0002-9939 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society is 0.85.

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## An operator inequality related to Jensen’s inequalityHTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

by Mitsuru Uchiyama
Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 129 (2001), 3339-3344 Request permission

## Abstract:

For bounded non-negative operators $A$ and $B$, Furuta showed $0\leq A \leq B \ \textrm {implies } \ A^{\frac {r}{2}}B^sA^{\frac {r}{2}} \leq (A^{\frac {r}{2}}B^t A^{\frac {r}{2}})^{\frac {s+r}{t+r}} \ \ (0\leq r, \ 0\leq s \leq t).$ We will extend this as follows: $0\leq A\leq B \underset {\lambda }{!}C$ $(0<\lambda <1)$ implies $A^{\frac {r}{2}}(\lambda B^s+ (1-\lambda )C^s)A^{\frac {r}{2}} \leq \{A^{\frac {r}{2}} (\lambda B^t+ (1- \lambda )C^t) A^{\frac {r}{2}}\}^{\frac {s+r}{t+r}} ,$ where $B \underset {\lambda }{!}C$ is a harmonic mean of $B$ and $C$. The idea of the proof comes from Jensen’s inequality for an operator convex function by Hansen-Pedersen.
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