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Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

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An ultrametric version of the Maillet-Malgrange theorem for nonlinear $q$-difference equations


Author: Lucia Di Vizio
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 136 (2008), 2803-2814
MSC (2000): Primary 33E99, 39A13
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9939-08-09352-0
Published electronically: March 21, 2008
MathSciNet review: 2399044
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Abstract:

We prove an ultrametric $q$-difference version of the Maillet- Malgrange theorem on the Gevrey nature of formal solutions of nonlinear analytic $q$-difference equations. Since $\deg _q$ and ${ord}_q$ define two valuations on $\mathbb {C}(q)$, we obtain, in particular, a result on the growth of the degree in $q$ and the order at $q$ of formal solutions of nonlinear $q$-difference equations, when $q$ is a parameter. We illustrate the main theorem by considering two examples: a $q$-deformation of “Painlevé II”, for the nonlinear situation, and a $q$-difference equation satisfied by the colored Jones polynomials of the figure $8$ knots, in the linear case.

We also consider a $q$-analog of the Maillet-Malgrange theorem, both in the complex and in the ultrametric setting, under the assumption that $|q|=1$ and a classical diophantine condition.


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Additional Information

Lucia Di Vizio
Affiliation: Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Topologie et géométrie algébriques, Case 7012, 2, place Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France
MR Author ID: 674036
Email: divizio@math.jussieu.fr

Received by editor(s): November 13, 2006
Published electronically: March 21, 2008
Communicated by: Carmen C. Chicone
Article copyright: © Copyright 2008 American Mathematical Society
The copyright for this article reverts to public domain 28 years after publication.