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Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society

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On the asymptotic behavior of Kac-Wakimoto characters

Authors: Kathrin Bringmann and Amanda Folsom
Journal: Proc. Amer. Math. Soc. 141 (2013), 1567-1576
MSC (2010): Primary 11F22, 17B67, 11F37
Published electronically: October 30, 2012
MathSciNet review: 3020844
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Abstract: Recently, Kac and Wakimoto established specialized character formulas for irreducible highest weight $s\ell (m,1)^\wedge$ modules and established a main exponential term in their asymptotic expansions. By different methods, we improve upon the Kac-Wakimoto asymptotics for these characters, obtaining an asymptotic expansion with an arbitrarily large number of terms beyond the main term. More specifically, it is well known that in the case of holomorphic modular forms, asymptotic information may be obtained using modular transformation properties. However, here this is not the case due to the analytic nature of the Kac-Wakimoto series as discovered recently by the first author and Ono. We first “complete” these series by adding to them certain integrals, obtaining functions that exhibit suitable modular transformation laws, at the expense of the completed objects being nonholomorphic. We then exploit this mock-modular behavior of the Kac-Wakimoto series to obtain our asymptotic expansion. In particular, we show that beyond the main term, the asymptotic behavior is dictated by the nonholomorphic part of the completed Kac-Wakimoto characters, which is a priori invisible. Euler numbers (equivalently, zeta-values) appear as coefficients.

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Additional Information

Kathrin Bringmann
Affiliation: Mathematical Institute, University of Cologne, 50931 Cologne, Germany
MR Author ID: 774752

Amanda Folsom
Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208283, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8283
MR Author ID: 690449

Received by editor(s): September 5, 2011
Published electronically: October 30, 2012
Communicated by: Ken Ono
Article copyright: © Copyright 2012 American Mathematical Society