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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1900, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is devoted to longer research articles in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6850 (online) ISSN 0002-9947 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is 1.48 .

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Tensor products of group algebras
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by J. E. Kerlin PDF
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 175 (1973), 1-36 Request permission


Let C be a commutative Banach algebra. A commutative Banach algebra A is a Banach C-algebra if A is a Banach C-module and $c \cdot (aa’) = (c \cdot a)a’$ for all $c \in C,a,a’ \in A$. If ${A_1}, \cdots ,{A_n}$ are commutative Banach C-algebras, then the C-tensor product ${A_1}{ \otimes _C} \cdots { \otimes _C}{A_n} \equiv D$ is defined and is a commutative Banach C-algebra. The maximal ideal space ${\mathfrak {M}_D}$ of D is identified with a closed subset of ${\mathfrak {M}_{{A_1}}} \times \cdots \times {\mathfrak {M}_{{A_n}}}$ in a natural fashion, yielding a generalization of the Gelbaum-Tomiyama characterization of the maximal ideal space of ${A_1}{ \otimes _\gamma } \cdots { \otimes _\gamma }{A_n}$. If $C = {L^1}(K)$ and ${A_i} = {L^1}({G_i})$, for LCA groups K and ${G_i},i = 1, \cdots ,n$, then the ${L^1}(K)$-tensor product D of ${L^1}({G_1}), \cdots ,{L^1}({G_n})$ is uniquely written in the form $D = N \oplus {D_e}$, where N and ${D_e}$ are closed ideals in D, ${L^1}(K) \cdot N = \{ 0\}$, and ${D_e}$ is the essential part of D, i.e. ${D_e} = {L^1}(K) \cdot D$. Moreover, if ${D_e} \ne \{ 0\}$, then ${D_e}$ is isometrically ${L^1}(K)$-isomorphic to ${L^1}({G_1}{ \otimes _K} \cdots { \otimes _K}{G_n})$, where ${G_1}, \cdots ,{G_n}$ is a K-tensor product of ${G_1}, \cdots ,{G_n}$ with respect to naturally induced actions of K on ${G_1}, \cdots ,{G_n}$. The above theorems are a significant generalization of the work of Gelbaum and Natzitz in characterizing tensor products of group algebras, since here the algebra actions are arbitrary. The Cohen theory of homomorphisms of group algebras is required to characterize the algebra actions between group algebras. Finally, the space of multipliers ${\operatorname {Hom}_{{L^1}(K)}}({L^1}(G),{L^\infty }(H))$ is characterized for all instances of algebra actions of ${L^1}(K)$ on ${L^1}(G)$ and ${L^1}(H)$, generalizing the known result when $K = G = H$ and the module action is given by convolution.
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Additional Information
  • © Copyright 1973 American Mathematical Society
  • Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 175 (1973), 1-36
  • MSC: Primary 46M05; Secondary 43A20
  • DOI:
  • MathSciNet review: 0312286