# Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1900, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is devoted to longer research articles in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6850 (online) ISSN 0002-9947 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is 1.48.

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## The centralizer of a Cartan subalgebra of a Jordan algebraHTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

by Edgar G. Goodaire
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 235 (1978), 314-322 Request permission

## Abstract:

If L is a diagonable subspace of an associative algebra A over a field $\Phi \;(L$ is spanned by commuting elements and the linear transformations ad $x:a \mapsto x - xa,x \in L$, are simultaneously diagonalizable), then a map $\lambda :L \to \Phi$ is said to be a weight of L on an A-module V if the space ${V_\lambda } = \{ v \in V:vx = \lambda (x)v\;{\text {for}}\;{\text {all}}\;x \in L\}$ is nonzero. It is shown that if A is finite dimensional semisimple and the characteristic of $\Phi$ is zero then the centralizer of L in A is the centralizer of an element $x \in A$ if and only if x distinguishes the weights of L on every irreducible A-module. This theorem can be used to show that for each representative V of an isomorphism class of irreducible A-modules and for each weight $\lambda$ of L on V, the centralizer of L contains the matrix ring ${D_{{n_\lambda }}},D = {\text {End}_A}V,{n_\lambda } = {\dim _D}{V_\lambda }$ and in fact is the direct sum of all such algebras. If J is a finite dimensional simple reduced Jordan algebra, one can determine precisely those x in J whose centralizer in the universal enveloping algebra of J coincides with the centralizer of a Cartan subalgebra. The simple components of such a centralizer can also be found and in fact are listed for the degree $J \geqslant 3$ case.
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