# Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society, the Transactions of the American Mathematical Society (TRAN) is devoted to research articles of the highest quality in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6850 (online) ISSN 0002-9947 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is 1.43.

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## Eigensharp graphs: decomposition into complete bipartite subgraphsHTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

by Thomas Kratzke, Bruce Reznick and Douglas West
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 308 (1988), 637-653 Request permission

## Abstract:

Let $\tau (G)$ be the minimum number of complete bipartite subgraphs needed to partition the edges of $G$, and let $r(G)$ be the larger of the number of positive and number of negative eigenvalues of $G$. It is known that $\tau (G) \geqslant r(G)$; graphs with $\tau (G) = r(G)$ are called eigensharp. Eigensharp graphs include graphs, trees, cycles ${C_n}$ with $n = 4$ or $n \ne 4k$, prisms ${C_n}\square {K_2}$ with $n \ne 3k$, "twisted prisms" (also called "Möbius ladders") ${M_n}$ with $n = 3$ or $n \ne 3k$, and some Cartesian products of cycles. Under some conditions, the weak (Kronecker) product of eigensharp graphs is eigensharp. For example, the class of eigensharp graphs with the same number of positive and negative eigenvalues is closed under weak products. If each graph in a finite weak product is eigensharp, has no zero eigenvalues, and has a decomposition into $\tau (G)$ stars, then the product is eigensharp. The hypotheses in this last result can be weakened. Finally, not all weak products of eigensharp graphs are eigensharp.
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