   ISSN 1088-6850(online) ISSN 0002-9947(print)

An inverse problem for scattering by a doubly periodic structure

Authors: Gang Bao and Zhengfang Zhou
Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 350 (1998), 4089-4103
MSC (1991): Primary 35R30; Secondary 35P15, 78A45
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1090/S0002-9947-98-02227-2
MathSciNet review: 1487607
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Abstract: Consider scattering of electromagnetic waves by a doubly periodic structure $S=\{x_3=f(x_1, x_2)\}$ with $f(x_1+n_1\Lambda _1, x_2+n_2\Lambda _2)=f(x_1, x_2)$ for integers $n_1$, $n_2$. Above the structure, the medium is assumed to be homogeneous with a constant dielectric coefficient. The medium is a perfect conductor below the structure. An inverse problem arises and may be described as follows. For a given incident plane wave, the tangential electric field is measured away from the structure, say at $x_3=b$ for some large $b$. To what extent can one determine the location of the periodic structure that separates the dielectric medium from the conductor? In this paper, results on uniqueness and stability are established for the inverse problem. A crucial step in our proof is to obtain a lower bound for the first eigenvalue of the following problem in a convex domain $\Omega$: $\left \{ \begin {array}{l} - \triangle u = \lambda u \quad \text {in} \quad \Omega , \ \nabla \cdot u = 0 \quad \text {in} \quad \Omega , \ n \times u = 0 \quad \text {on} \quad \partial \Omega . \end {array} \right .$

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