# Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1900, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is devoted to longer research articles in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6850 (online) ISSN 0002-9947 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is 1.48 .

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## Avoidable algebraic subsets of Euclidean spaceHTML articles powered by AMS MathViewer

by James H. Schmerl
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 352 (2000), 2479-2489 Request permission

## Abstract:

Fix an integer $n\ge 1$ and consider real $n$-dimensional $\mathbb R^n$. A partition of $\mathbb R^n$ avoids the polynomial $p(x_0,x_1,\dotsc ,x_{k-1})\in \mathbb R[x_0,x_1,\dotsc ,x_{k-1}]$, where each $x_i$ is an $n$-tuple of variables, if there is no set of the partition which contains distinct $a_0,a_1,\dotsc ,a_{k-1}$ such that $p(a_0,a_1,\dotsc ,a_{k-1})=0$. The polynomial is avoidable if some countable partition avoids it. The avoidable polynomials are studied here. The polynomial $\|x-y\|^2-\|y-z\|^2$ is an especially interesting example of an avoidable one. We find (1) a countable partition which avoids every avoidable polynomial over $Q$, and (2) a characterization of the avoidable polynomials. An important feature is that both the “master” partition in (1) and the characterization in (2) depend on the cardinality of $\mathbb R$.
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