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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1900, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is devoted to longer research articles in all areas of pure and applied mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6850 (online) ISSN 0002-9947 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Transactions of the American Mathematical Society is 1.48 .

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Besov-Morrey spaces: Function space theory and applications to non-linear PDE
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by Anna L. Mazzucato PDF
Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 355 (2003), 1297-1364 Request permission


This paper is devoted to the analysis of function spaces modeled on Besov spaces and their applications to non-linear partial differential equations, with emphasis on the incompressible, isotropic Navier-Stokes system and semi-linear heat equations. Specifically, we consider the class, introduced by Hideo Kozono and Masao Yamazaki, of Besov spaces based on Morrey spaces, which we call Besov-Morrey or BM spaces. We obtain equivalent representations in terms of the Weierstrass semigroup and wavelets, and various embeddings in classical spaces. We then establish pseudo-differential and para-differential estimates. Our results cover non-regular and exotic symbols. Although the heat semigroup is not strongly continuous on Morrey spaces, we show that its action defines an equivalent norm. In particular, homogeneous BM spaces belong to a larger class constructed by Grzegorz Karch to analyze scaling in parabolic equations. We compare Karch’s results with those of Kozono and Yamazaki and generalize them by obtaining short-time existence and uniqueness of solutions for arbitrary data with subcritical regularity. We exploit pseudo-differential calculus to extend the analysis to compact, smooth, boundaryless, Riemannian manifolds. BM spaces are defined by means of partitions of unity and coordinate patches, and intrinsically in terms of functions of the Laplace operator.
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Additional Information
  • Anna L. Mazzucato
  • Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, Yale University, P.O. Box 208283, 10 Hillhouse Ave., New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8283
  • MR Author ID: 706447
  • Email:
  • Received by editor(s): September 24, 2001
  • Received by editor(s) in revised form: September 9, 2002
  • Published electronically: December 5, 2002
  • Additional Notes: This work was completed while the author was on leave from Yale University and visiting the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI). Research at MSRI was supported in part by NSF grant DMS-9810361.
  • © Copyright 2002 American Mathematical Society
  • Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 355 (2003), 1297-1364
  • MSC (2000): Primary 35S05, 42B35; Secondary 76B03, 42C40, 35K55
  • DOI:
  • MathSciNet review: 1946395