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Mathematics of Computation

Published by the American Mathematical Society since 1960 (published as Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation 1943-1959), Mathematics of Computation is devoted to research articles of the highest quality in computational mathematics.

ISSN 1088-6842 (online) ISSN 0025-5718 (print)

The 2020 MCQ for Mathematics of Computation is 1.78.

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Eigenvalue finite difference approximations for regular and singular Sturm-Liouville problems
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by Nabil R. Nassif PDF
Math. Comp. 49 (1987), 561-580 Request permission


This paper includes two parts. In the first part, general error estimates for "stable" eigenvalue approximations are obtained. These are practical in the sense that they are based on the discretization error of the difference formula over the eigenspace associated with the isolated eigenvalue under consideration. Verification of these general estimates are carried out on two difference schemes: that of Numerov to solve the Schrödinger singular equation and that of the central difference formula for regular Sturm-Liouville problems. In the second part, a sufficient condition for obtaining a "stable" difference scheme is derived. Such a condition (condition (N) of Theorem 2.1) leads to a simple "by hand" verification, when one selects a difference scheme to compute eigenvalues of a differential operator. This condition is checked for one- and two-dimensional problems.
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Additional Information
  • © Copyright 1987 American Mathematical Society
  • Journal: Math. Comp. 49 (1987), 561-580
  • MSC: Primary 65L10; Secondary 34B25
  • DOI:
  • MathSciNet review: 906189