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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

ISSN 1088-6850(online) ISSN 0002-9947(print)



On angular momentum Helmholtz theorems and cohomology of Lie algebras

Author: Henrik Stetkaer
Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 214 (1975), 349-374
MSC: Primary 57E20; Secondary 58F05
MathSciNet review: 0410775
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Abstract: Helmholtz’ 2nd theorem (that every vector field on ${{\mathbf {R}}^3}$ with vanishing curl is gradient of a function) can be viewed as a statement about the group of translations of ${{\mathbf {R}}^3}$. We prove similar theorems for other Lie transformation groups, in particular for semidirect products of abelian and compact semisimple groups. Using Hodge theory we also obtain results analogous to the 1st Helmholtz theorem, but only for compact Lie transformation groups.

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Keywords: Differential 1-forms, Helmholtz theorems, Hodge theory, Lie algebra cohomology, Lie transformation group
Article copyright: © Copyright 1975 American Mathematical Society