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Transactions of the American Mathematical Society

ISSN 1088-6850(online) ISSN 0002-9947(print)



Nonsimple, ribbon fibered knots

Author: Katura Miyazaki
Journal: Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 341 (1994), 1-44
MSC: Primary 57M25
MathSciNet review: 1176509
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Abstract: The connected sum of an arbitrary knot and its mirror image is a ribbon knot, however the converse is not necessarily true for all ribbon knots. We prove that the converse holds for any ribbon fibered knot which is a connected sum of iterated torus knots, knots with irreducible Alexander polynomials, or cables of such knots. This gives a practical method to detect nonribbon fibered knots. The proof uses a characterization of homotopically ribbon, fibered knots by their monodromies due to Casson and Gordon. We also study when cable fibered knots are ribbon and results which support the following conjecture.

Conjecture. If a $ (p,q)$ cable of a fibered knot $ k$ is ribbon where $ p(> 1)$ is the winding number of a cable in $ {S^1} \times {D^2}$, then $ q = \pm 1$ and $ k$ is ribbon.

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Keywords: Ribbon, homotopically ribbon, fibered knot, monodromy, Johannson's characteristic submanifold
Article copyright: © Copyright 1994 American Mathematical Society